Ekbom syndrome, an evidence based review of literature

Authors

  • Ahmed M Lutfi Medical doctor, Anatomist, and Dermatologist, MD, PG-Cert (United States), PG-Diploma (United Kingdom), M.Sc. (United Kingdom), Member of European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV), Member of National Academy of Neuropsychology (NAN), Member of American Association of Anatomists (AAA), Member of International High IQ society (IHIQS) and Torr IQ Society, Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1846-9424

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v7i3.13878

Keywords:

Delusional parasitosis, Ekbom, Morgellons, Matchbox sign, Specimen sign

Abstract

Delusional Parasitosis (DP) is a Psychocutaneous disorder that was 1st described in the late 17th century in France. The etiology is neuro-chemical. The classic “matchbox” and “specimen” signs are characteristic. Management is via a multidisciplinary approach. This review paper is based on detailed systematic review of literature via an up-to-date evidence based approach. This paper reviews: Historical facts, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, subtypes, associated diseases, psychosocial impact, economic considerations and management. An exhaustive search strategy was utilized across five medical literature databases led by 62 pre-specified keywords, followed by database-specific filters’ application to scrutinize the hierarchy of literature, from systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials to medical papers with weak evidence. Forty references were utilized to extract the most relevant data. This review article is level II-3 (level of evidence); it will enable the researcher to obtain a perspective of DP, upon which an original research can be developed.

Asian Journal of Medical Sciences Vol. 7(3) 2016 1-8

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Author Biography

Ahmed M Lutfi, Medical doctor, Anatomist, and Dermatologist, MD, PG-Cert (United States), PG-Diploma (United Kingdom), M.Sc. (United Kingdom), Member of European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV), Member of National Academy of Neuropsychology (NAN), Member of American Association of Anatomists (AAA), Member of International High IQ society (IHIQS) and Torr IQ Society, Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad

Lecturer,

College of Medicine,

University of Baghdad.

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Published

2016-01-06

How to Cite

Lutfi, A. M. (2016). Ekbom syndrome, an evidence based review of literature. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 7(3), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v7i3.13878

Issue

Section

Review Articles