Knowledge, attitude and practice of blood donation among university students in Basrah, Iraq: A comparison between medical and non-medical students

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v9i6.20904

Keywords:

Attitude, Basrah, Blood donation, Knowledge, University students

Abstract

Background: Young students can play a fundamental role in blood donation to save lives of many people. Therefore, studying factors contributing to their knowledge, attitude and practice of blood donation is essential.

Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the knowledge and attitude of Basrah University students about blood donation.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study involved students of two colleges in Basrah University. It was carried out during the period from January to April 2017. A non-probability purposive sampling method was used in selecting the participants for this study. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge and attitude towards blood donation were collected through a structured self-administered questionnaire.

Results: A total of 422 students were targeted, of these 393 (93.1%) completed the questionnaire.Only 51 (13%) of total respondents had a history of blood donation, of those 64.7% donated only once. The most mentioned reasons behind not donating were; not being asked to donate (24.6%), inconsideration of donation (11.1%), and fear of drawing blood (8.8%). Adequate knowledge was detected in 66.7% and positive attitude in 68.7%. Students of College of Medicine were younger, more knowledgeable, and donate more than those of College of Administration and Economics.

Conclusion: A substantial number of the university students had inadequate blood donation knowledge. Education programs and motivational campaigns should be enhanced.

Asian Journal of Medical Sciences Vol.9(6) 2018 62-67

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Author Biographies

Jasim N Al-Asadi, Professor of Epidemiology of Non Communicable Diseases, College of Medicine, Basrah, Iraq

Family & Community Medicine Department

Professor of Epidemiology of non-communicable diseases

Asaad Q. Al-Yassen, Assistant Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Basrah, Iraq

Family & Community Medicine Department

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Published

2018-10-29

How to Cite

Al-Asadi, J. N., & Al-Yassen, A. Q. (2018). Knowledge, attitude and practice of blood donation among university students in Basrah, Iraq: A comparison between medical and non-medical students. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 9(6), 62–67. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v9i6.20904

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Original Articles