Development of a simple selection protocol for optimizing the harvest of mesenchymal stem cells from explanted human umbilical cord Wharton’s jelly

Keywords: Explant, Mesenchymal stem cells, Mesenchymal stromal cells, Neonatal, Primitive nature, Wharton's jelly

Abstract

Background: Human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly (hUCWJ) derived Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a non-controversial, easily available source of human tissue which has a close association with embryonic tissue. Explant culture technique of isolating MSCs do not require any proteolytic enzymes giving an edge when compared to enzymatic methods.

Aims and Objective: This study was designed to develop a suitable protocol to optimize the number of primary cells by transferring the explants after a successful migration and before trypsinizing of MSCs from primary culture plate to new culture plates.

Materials and Methods: For defining the isolated cells as MSCs, the cells were studied by colony forming assay, semiquantitative two steps reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and International Society for Cellular Therapy (ISCT) criteria to determine the purity of the lineage.

Results: The explant cultured cells fulfil the defining criteria by ISCT. Further, they form colony and RT-PCR confirmed the presence of thy-1, endoglin and β-actin. The incubated explant shows successful cells migration after transferring from one culture plate to another for five consecutive times. Further, it was seen that the migrated cells can be cultured for more than 18 passages. However, a reduction was seen in the migration of the cells after the 3rd transfer of the explants.

Conclusion: This study found that the transferred explant has the potential to yield cells for 5 consecutive explant transfers. Further, this technique optimized the yield of primary cells and thereby reducing the quantity and frequency of sample collection, processing time and cost.

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Author Biographies

Takhelmayum Paras Singh, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Sikkim Manipal University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India

Lecturer, Department of Biochemistry

Mingma Lhamu Sherpa, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Sikkim Manipal University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India

Professor, Department of Biochemistry

Anup Pradhan, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Sikkim Manipal University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India

Professor and Head, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Takhelmayum Amumacha Singh, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Sikkim Manipal University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India

Professor and Head, Department of Biochemistry,

Published
2019-06-24
How to Cite
Singh, T., Sherpa, M., Pradhan, A., & Singh, T. (2019). Development of a simple selection protocol for optimizing the harvest of mesenchymal stem cells from explanted human umbilical cord Wharton’s jelly. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 10(4), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v10i4.24456
Section
Articles