Screening of hearing ability and hearing threshold among traffic police

Authors

  • Nisha Ghimire Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Nobel Medical College, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Sanjeev Kumar Thakur Lecturer, Department of ENT, Nobel Medical College, Biratnagar, Nepal http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2855-1766
  • Abhisesa Kumar Jha Audiologist, Department of ENT, Nobel Medical College, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Renu Yadav Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Nobel Medical College, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Soumitra Mukhopadhyay Professor and Head, Department of Physiology, Nobel Medical College, Biratnagar, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6442-4713

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v10i5.24911

Keywords:

Hearing Ability, Threshold, Traffic police, Screening

Abstract

Introduction: Traffic police are continually exposed to loud noise. The pure tone audiometric screening for hearing test has not been done in Biratnagar Nepal. So, we conducted a study to screen hearing ability and also to find out hearing thresholds among traffic police with normal hearing ability.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted among 36 traffic police personnel. The 25dB sound was administered with audiometer (name) in different frequencies (1 kHz, 2 kHz, 3 kHz, 4 kHz and 8 kHz) for screening hearing loss in left and right ears. The threshold for hearing among normal hearing traffic personnel was compared with controls in all the frequencies.

Result: Among 36 traffic police, 17(47.2%) had hearing loss. Maximum (n=8) hearing loss was seen in 4 kHz (4 - unilateral and 4 – bilateral) followed by 3 kHz (n=4, 3 unilateral and 1 bilateral) and mixed 3kHz and 4 kHz frequencies. The percentage of hearing loss in 2 kHz, 3 kHz and 4 kHz frequencies was more in left ear compared to right.  The threshold for hearing loss was higher in traffic police compared to controls .In the left ear, it was only in 4kHz {(25.91+6.64 Vs 20.45±4.15,( p=.034)} whereas in right ear, the threshold was higher in 3 kHz {20.45±5.22 Vs 15.91±4.90, (p=0.04)}, 4 kHz {25.45±12.54 Vs 16.82±5.60, (p=0.05)} and 8000 kHz {18.64±17.62 Vs 6.36±3.23, (p=0.04) .

Conclusion: The hearing loss was present in 47.2% of traffic policemen predominantly in 4 kHz. The threshold for hearing was also higher among traffic police compared to controls.

 

 

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Published

2019-08-09

How to Cite

Ghimire, N., Thakur, S. K., Jha, A. K., Yadav, R., & Mukhopadhyay, S. (2019). Screening of hearing ability and hearing threshold among traffic police. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 10(5), 49–54. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v10i5.24911

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Section

Original Articles