Pilot epidemiological study of basal cell carcinoma in Melaka

Authors

  • Samuel D Abishegam Medical Officer, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, Hospital Melaka, Jalan Mufti Hj Khalil, 75400 Melaka, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1716-8024
  • Azira Mat Yasir Medical Officer, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, Hospital Melaka, Jalan Mufti Hj Khalil, 75400 Melaka, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8732-171X
  • Ilyasak Hussin Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, Hospital Melaka, Jalan Mufti Hj Khalil, 75400 Melaka, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1920-4498
  • Izety Shezlinda Noran Consultant Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, Hospital Melaka, Jalan Mufti Hj Khalil, 75400 Melaka, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9145-4830

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v10i6.25675

Keywords:

Basal cell carcinoma, Incidence, Distribution, Melaka

Abstract

Background: This study was conceptualized to be a stepping stone for analysis of BCC in Melaka.

Aims and Objective: To analyse the incidence of BCC in Melaka and analyse the distribution of age, gender, ethnicity, localization of lesion and treatment done.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis on patients who were diagnosed and treated for BCC was conducted in the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Hospital Melaka from January 2013 until March 2019.

Result: There were 152 patients diagnosed with BCCs (N=152) involving 80 women (52.6%) and 72 men (47.4%) over the study period. The patients were aged between 18–92 years with average age for women were 66.2 years and 66.1 tears for men. The majority of cases, 134 (88.2%) were located on the head and neck region. The most common ethnic group to be affected by BCC is the Chinese with 78 (51.3%) followed by Malays at 72 (47.4%) and 1 (0.7%) for Indians and 1 (0.7%) for other minor ethnic group. There were 89 (58.6%) patients underwent excision only whilst 63 (41.4%) patients underwent excision with reconstruction either with skin grafting or local flap.

Conclusion: Basal cell carcinoma is a common cutaneous malignancy. The local demographics of patients with BCC in Melaka are similar to that in the literature. We hope with the data provided, it will facilitate better outcome treatment of BCC not just in our local setting but elsewhere worldwide.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
460
PDF
289

Downloads

Published

2019-10-17

How to Cite

Abishegam, S. D., Yasir, A. M., Hussin, I., & Noran, I. S. (2019). Pilot epidemiological study of basal cell carcinoma in Melaka. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 10(6), 18–21. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v10i6.25675

Issue

Section

Original Articles