Risk factors associated with prediabetes and cardiovascular disease: A perceptive study

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v13i10.45148

Keywords:

Impaired fasting glucose; Prediabetes; Cardiovascular disease; Risk factors

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is emerging as a major health problem due to its serious complications. It is important to assess the various factors contributing to the occurrence of the diseases so that by limiting these factors the progression of the disease in patients can be controlled. Prediabetes is a state characterized by impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance.

Aims and Objective: The present study was undertaken to determine the risk factors for Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among adults, prediabetic subjects were identified from first degree relatives of T2DMpatients.

Materials and Methods: The present observational study was carried out at Department of Physiology, S.P. Medical College and Hospital in collaboration with diabetic research center P.B.M. hospital Bikaner (Rajasthan). Prediabetic subjects were identified from first degree relatives of T2DMpatients, enrolled in diabetic research center P.B.M. hospital Bikaner. Prediabetics (impaired fasting glucose) subjects were identified on the basis of fasting blood glucose 100–125 mg/dL and HbA1C (5.7–6.4%) as per American Diabetic Association (ADA) 2011 guidelines. Consecutive sampling was conducted till sample size satisfied during the period of study. Subjects of age group 20–74 years having FPG between 100 and 125 mg/dL, HbA1C between 5.7% and 6.4%, and gave informed written consent were included in study. Pre-structured performa was used to collect general information, sociodemographic information, baseline physical characteristics, personal habits, biochemical analysis, and for blood parameters.

Results: Age, occupation, body mass index (BMI), diet, smoking, alcohol, truncal obesity, and family history of DM were significantly associated with prevalence of T2DM/prediabetes whereas gender and literacy were not.

Conclusion: In the present study, it was observed that advanced age, occupational changes, BMI, substance abuse such as alcohol and smoking, truncal obesity, and family history of diabetes were highly associated risk factors for T2DM whereas literacy, gender, and central obesity showed no association with risk of T2DM.

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Published

2022-10-01

How to Cite

Kumari, N., Deepak Kumar Verma, & Bijendra Kumar Binawara. (2022). Risk factors associated with prediabetes and cardiovascular disease: A perceptive study. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 13(10), 101–107. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v13i10.45148

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Original Articles