Conservation Agriculture in Maize-based Cropping System of Nepal: A Review

Authors

  • Sangita Kaduwal National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6118-4099
  • Tika Bahadhur Karki National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Reshama Neupane National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Rajendra Kumar Bhattarai National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Bhimsen Chaulagain National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Prakash Ghimire Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuwan University, Rupandehi, Nepal
  • Pankaj Gyawaly National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Soni Kumari Das National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajn.v6i1.47953

Keywords:

Crop rotation, maize-based system, tillage, residue retention

Abstract

Maize-based cropping system followed by intensive tillage  and faulty practices often associated with many negative implications such as the decline of soil organic matter, increase soil erosion by wind/water, lower nutrient-use efficiency, field burning of crop residue, air pollution mainly attributed to the monoculture of intensive conventional production systems leading to global warming and decline in factor productivity. Conservation Agriculture (CA) underlying principles of minimal soil disturbance, soil cover and crop rotation are increasingly recognized as an essential for the sustainability of this cropping system. Therefore, a brief review was done to find out the results its constraints and the possible interventions under a maize-based system of Nepal. Very few works under CA is done so far under maize-based cropping system of Nepal, however, the results are encouraging. There are some constraints in CA technologies promotion, such as scale-neutral agri-machineries, crop residues competition between CA use and livestock feeding, skilled and scientific manpower availability and overcoming the bias or mindset about tillage. CA provide opportunities to reduce the cost of production, improve resource use efficiency, saves water and nutrients and increase yield. There is a need to develop and promote low-cost technologies of CA that can be used effectively in maize based system of hills and Terai.

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Published

2022-07-08

How to Cite

Kaduwal, S., Karki, T. B., Neupane, R., Bhattarai, R. K., Chaulagain, B., Ghimire, P., Gyawaly, P., & Das, S. K. (2022). Conservation Agriculture in Maize-based Cropping System of Nepal: A Review. Agronomy Journal of Nepal, 6(1), 119–131. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajn.v6i1.47953

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