Glacial Lake Outburst Flood in Nepal: A Challenging Environmental Hazard and Disaster

Authors

  • Shiva Kant Dube Department of Geography, TU, Thakur Ram Multiple Campus, Birgunj

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/av.v4i0.12360

Keywords:

Glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF), environmental hazards, environmental disasters, vulnerable, flash-flood, massive loss

Abstract

Geographically, Nepal is situated on the lap of the Himalayas occupying 0.3 percent area of Asia and 0.03 percent of the world. Recently, global climate change has invited enormous environmental hazards and disasters in the Hindu-Kush Himalayan region. Catastrophic floods originating from the outburst of glacial lakes have been recognized as one of the primary natural hazards in Nepal, making downstream areas vulnerable. Frequent severe floodscaused by glacier outburst in the Nepal Himalayas, occur once every three years. Nine potentially dangerous glaciers were identified in the Eastern and Central Himalayas during pre- and post-monsoon seasons. At national and international level, Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF) in Nepal, are receiving considerable attention. Such floods endanger thousands of people, hundreds of villages and basic infrastructure causing disasters. This paper incorporates a case of flash-flood caused by GLOF and torrential rain in India which can be taken as a lesson to mitigate/minimize massive loss of lives and property in the Nepalese context.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/av.v4i0.12360

Academic Voices Vol.4 2014: 56-67

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Published

2015-03-28

How to Cite

Dube, S. K. (2015). Glacial Lake Outburst Flood in Nepal: A Challenging Environmental Hazard and Disaster. Academic Voices: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 4, 56–67. https://doi.org/10.3126/av.v4i0.12360

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Articles