Impact of Global Climate Change on Human Health and Risk Prevention

  • Asis De Professor of Community Medicine at Manipal College of Medical Sciences Pokhara
  • Abhijit De Intern at Manipal Teaching Hospital, Pokhara
  • Jenny Pun Resident at Manipal Teaching Hospital, Pokhara
Keywords: Climate change, health impact, risk prevention

Abstract

Many factors influence the world’s atmosphere and climate. Due to human activity, the concentration of "green house" gases is increasing resulting in rise of earth’s surface temperature. As a result of global warming, the eco system is changing, having adverse impact on our lives. Some increased health risk will be due to extreme weather events, while other problems will involve continual climate modification as consequences from ecological disruption or resulting from climate-induced economic disruption, e.g. traumatic, infectious, nutritional, psychological and other health consequences. Population, certain age groups such as elderly, women, children and vulnerable group, is at risk. For instance, there are risks of extreme temperatures and heat-wave, increased allergic disorders, hay fever, asthma due to air pollution, particulate matters and smog. In addition, due to flooding food-borne illnesses, water-borne illnesses, diarrheal diseases, increase in vector-borne diseases transmitted by Mosquitoes and mice e.g. Malaria, Filaria, Dengue fever, etc. There is compromise in food safety due to contaminated food with pesticide and bacteria resulting in food poisoning. Lifestyle and behavior are likely to be affected due to loss of social cohesion, increase in crime, accidents, anxiety, depression, stress, self harm and possible suicide, drug and alcohol misuse. Preventive measures will include assessment of the vulnerability of human health and mitigation measures. The health sector needs to play a key role in disease prevention, health education, disaster preparedness and effective measures to treat early evidence of impact affecting health.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ctbijis.v2i1.10818  

Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies Vol.2(1) 2014: 127-134

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Author Biography

Asis De, Professor of Community Medicine at Manipal College of Medical Sciences Pokhara
Dr. Asis De is a Professor of Community Medicine at Manipal College of Medical Sciences Pokhara, Nepal. He received his MBBS from Calcultta University in 1974 and MD in Preventive and Social Medicine from Nagpur University in 1985. He has also worked with SSAU (a World Bank Project) as Epidamiologist and In-Charge, as a Consultant with UNISEF, and with Army Medical Corps. He has also involved with research works and published numerous articles in national and international journals.
Published
2014-07-28
How to Cite
De, A., De, A., & Pun, J. (2014). Impact of Global Climate Change on Human Health and Risk Prevention. Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 2(1), 127-134. https://doi.org/10.3126/ctbijis.v2i1.10818
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Articles