Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/CTBIJIS <p><strong><em>Crossing the Border:&nbsp;International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies</em> closed on 6th June 2019. <br>It is no longer being published. It is no longer accepting submissions.</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Heralo Academy Nepal en-US Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 2350-8752 Teaching Learning through Interdisciplinary Approaches https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/CTBIJIS/article/view/18432 <p>There are many benefits of using interdisciplinary approaches in teaching and learning. One of the goals of teaching and learning is helping students to develop insights, problem solving skills and self-confidence. The teachers can bring them to their classroom is interdisciplinary approaches are used in the teaching learning process. In this way, interdisciplinary approaches help students develop their cognitive abilities such as skills and mental processes, which are necessary to solve the problems.</p><p>Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 5(2) 2017: 1-2</p> Min Pun ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-07-15 2017-07-15 5 2 1 2 10.3126/ctbijis.v5i2.18432 Non-Native Accent, Favoritism and the Law https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/CTBIJIS/article/view/18433 <p>Social science has predominantly discussed accent bias against non-native speakers, although not always. In this paper, positive consequences and favoritism of non-native accent will be reviewed along with the legal provision available in the USA to counter accent based discrimination. Specifically, this paper will present how listeners exhibited preferential treatments towards speakers with non-native accent and how some non-native speakers are more immune to negative discrimination. Brief introduction to Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act will also be presented as a potential legal provision available to employees, students and to anyone if they are discriminated against due to their non-native accent.</p><p>Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 5(2) 2017: 3-14</p> Rahul Chakraborty ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-07-15 2017-07-15 5 2 3 14 10.3126/ctbijis.v5i2.18433 Anti-Racist Pedagogy in the Canonization of Toni Morrison https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/CTBIJIS/article/view/18434 <p>The paper aims to examine the anti-racist approach in pedagogy in relation to the issues of representations of African Americans in American schools, curricula, and literary canon. It has considered anti-racist pedagogy as a correct approach to creating a truly democratic society in a racist society like the United States of America. In order to address these issues, Toni Morrison has been considered the most successful African American writer who has attained canonical status within the mainstream of both African American and American literature. The paper has, thus, raised some of the vital issues related to the representations of African Americans in American schools, curricula, and the literary canons.</p><p>Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 5(2) 2017: 15-24</p> Min Pun ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-07-15 2017-07-15 5 2 15 24 10.3126/ctbijis.v5i2.18434 Displacement as a Diasporic Experience in V.S. Naipaul's A House for Mr Biswas https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/CTBIJIS/article/view/18435 <p>The term ‘displacement’ has a strong connection with diaspora literature that studies the experiences of pain and pleasure of the people in the diaspora. People in the diaspora do not have comfortable life. Since they are away from their homeland, it is not easy for them to get integrated into the new main stream society. Because of several variations such as language, culture, custom, religion, belief etc., they are to face difficulties in the host-land. They come across the feeling of displacement through alienation, homelessness, identity crisis etc. that are interconnected in the diaspora. Being a generation of indentured labor immigrant family, V. S. Naipaul himself has gone through such paining experiences that are indirectly expressed through the life experiences of the characters in his writing. While reading about Naipaul’s life story and of Mr. Biswas in the novel <em>A House for Mr. Biswas</em>, it can be understood that they sound similar strongly. In the novel, Naipaul shows how Mr. Biswas more importantly along with other people as the generation of indentured labour immigrant parents in Trinidad suffer from homelessness, displacement, alienation etc. This paper mainly focuses on the experiences of displacement along with homelessness, alienation etc. faced by Mr. Biswas and other characters as they are from Indian diasporic community.</p><p>Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 5(2) 2017: 25-30</p> Ram Prasad Rai ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-07-15 2017-07-15 5 2 25 30 10.3126/ctbijis.v5i2.18435 Cybercrime and Security in Nepal: The Need for Two-Factor Authentication in Social Media https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/CTBIJIS/article/view/18436 <p>History of using computers is not long enough in Nepal. It was started in around 1995, but it got easier for us to access to using computers after 2000. We had no easy access to telephone and internet even before 2006 due to the Maoist Insurgency. In 2006, the users of Internet were 1.1% of the total population of Nepal, which reached around 17.2% at the end of 2016. With this rapid increment of internet users, risk of misuse such as cybercrime has increased through the use of internet. This paper thus will describe in detail about the cybercrime and security and authenticity related issues.</p><p>Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 5(2) 2017: 31-36</p> Chuda Bahadur Roka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-07-15 2017-07-15 5 2 31 36 10.3126/ctbijis.v5i2.18436 Humanity in BP Koirala's Sumnima https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/CTBIJIS/article/view/18437 <p>BP Koirala in Sumnima believes in the idea that the essence of any civilization is the quest for a common humanity and not the zeal for cultural and religious orthodoxy. It empowers the need of cultural synthesis, for whatever is good, beautiful and useful must be learnt and be assimilated for the benefit of larger humanity. The novelist wishes for the evolution of humanist culture to be enriched by the contribution of all religions. Sumnima, the protagonist of the novel, believes in cultural and religious orthodoxy and rejects other religions and cultures. In addition, she realizes her mistake and stretches her arms towards humanism. She also realizes that one should not be confined in the narrow sectaries of caste, religion and cultural orthodoxy which are a mere social practice. These polarities only divide human beings and prevent to achieve unlimited possibilities of human life. Thus, this paper aims to suggest that humans should make their e# ort for an ultimate harmony between humans and society.</p><p>Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 5(2) 2017: 37-50</p> Min Nepali ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-07-15 2017-07-15 5 2 37 50 10.3126/ctbijis.v5i2.18437 From Margin to Centre: A Study of Ennoblement in Shobha De's Socialite Evenings https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/CTBIJIS/article/view/18438 <p>The protagonists of Shobha De do not want to be docile, weak and dependant women. They want to be powerful and ready to revolt against unfair treatment and are not for compromise. They always want to show self-confidence in abundance. Boldly, they are ready to challenge hinders so that they attain their desired goal. They tend to be aggressive always, which helps them to shatter the male ego and male hierarchy. In order to be precise, they are not doormats. They raise their voice strong against patriarchal culture and marginalization of women. Thus, this paper aims to prove that how women in India tend to be transformed from margin to centre. It also aims to prove the fact that they want to be liberated physically and mentally and long for an independent identity by being aware of the choices open to them.</p><p>Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies Vol.5(1) 2017: 51-60</p> T.S Ramesh R. Vanitha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-07-15 2017-07-15 5 2 51 60 10.3126/ctbijis.v5i2.18438 Formal Education for Personal and Professional Development: A Case of B.Ed. Female Graduates in Pokhara https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/CTBIJIS/article/view/18439 <p>The paper aims to prove that formal education acquired at university level has its direct relation with the personal and professional development of an individual. For instance, the female graduates of the study area have shown that they are benefitted in their professional teaching and personal life from the knowledge and skill they had acquired during their formal learning. In order to present it lucidly, the paper has been structured in six parts. The introductory part builds the context and states the research questions. It is followed by historical background, which deals with the development of formal education in Nepal; it also includes discrimination against women in education sector. The third part is theoretical discussion that deals with the impact of formal education in enhancing students’ skills and knowledge, problem solving and personality development. The fourth part is about methodology that briefly discusses the methods of data collection and analysis applied for conducting this research and drafting this article. The core part of this article is data analysis in which the collected data have been analyzed and the sixth is the conclusion followed by a list of references.</p><p>Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies Vol.5(1) 2017: 61-82</p> Roshani Shrestha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-07-15 2017-07-15 5 2 61 82 10.3126/ctbijis.v5i2.18439