FOREST STRUCTURE AND REGENERATION PATTERN OF BETULA UTILIS D. DON IN MANASLU CONSERVATION AREA, NEPAL

  • Hishila Sujakhu Khwopa College, Tribhuvan University, Dekocha, Bhaktapur
  • Kamal Raj Gosai Khwopa College, Tribhuvan University, Dekocha, Bhaktapur
  • Siddhi Bir Karmacharya Khwopa College, Tribhuvan University, Dekocha, Bhaktapur
Keywords: Abies spectabilis, Density-diameter curve, Samagaun, Saplings and seedlings

Abstract

Forest structure and regeneration of Betula utilis (D. Don) was studied in birch forestlocated in Samagaun valley (3500 – 4000 m) of Manaslu Conservation Area. Vegetationsampling was done by quadrat method. Altogether 40 quadrats were sampled to determinethe Importance Value Index (IVI) of tree species, and distribution pattern of seedlings andsaplings. Regeneration was assessed by density - diameter curve. Four tree species wererecorded from the forest. Betula utilis was the dominant tree species with the highestImportance Value Index (173.22) in mixed Betula forest and 262.96 in pure Betula forestand Abies spectabilis was the co – dominant species (65.95) in mixed Betula forest whileRhododendron campanulatum was the co-dominant species (37.03) in pure Betula forest.Density of Betula utilis increased with increase in elevation where as density of other treespecies decreased with increase in elevation. Mixed Betula forest at lower elevation wasyoung. The density diameter curve of the tree population of Betula utilis, both on mixed andpure forests, deviated slightly from the typical reverse J shaped structure and hence did notshow the sustainable regeneration. The sapling density was higher than seedling density.The distribution of seedlings and saplings were not uniform among the sampling plots.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/eco.v20i0.11472

ECOPRINT 

An International Journal of Ecology

Vol. 20, 2013

page: 107-113

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Abstract
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Published
2014-11-06
How to Cite
Sujakhu, H., Gosai, K., & Karmacharya, S. (2014). FOREST STRUCTURE AND REGENERATION PATTERN OF BETULA UTILIS D. DON IN MANASLU CONSERVATION AREA, NEPAL. Ecoprint: An International Journal of Ecology, 20, 107-113. https://doi.org/10.3126/eco.v20i0.11472
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