Economic Journal of Nepal <p>As far as we are aware, this journal is no longer being published.</p><p>A quarterly publication of the Central Department of Economics, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal. The primary objective of this Journal is to publish articles and research papers on economic and social problems facing Nepal and other countries of the world as well. The Journal is designed to serve as an outlet for an intellectual forum for the communication of ideas among economists and other social scientists in the areas of economic and social development in general and with special reference to Nepal in particular.</p> Central Department of Economics Tribhuvan University en-US Economic Journal of Nepal Government Expenditure and Economic Growth in Nepal <p>This study aims to analyze the government expenditure under major headings and tries to establish the relationship of government expenditure with GDP. Regression equations are estimated to find the causal relationship of government expenditure with GDP. Cointegration estimation is detected to find the long run equilibrium stability, and error correction model is estimated for short term analysis. It is noticed that the share of government capital expenditure is on decreasing trend mainly after 1990s. The share of economic services expenditure is also on decreasing trend with the rapid increase in government expenditure on loan repayment and interest payment. The finding of this research supports the findings of earlier researcher in the sense that the government expenditure is growth promoting. However, there is not satisfactory contribution of government expenditure to GDP. The cointegration relationship of GDP has appeared with recurrent expenditure, gross investment and labour force (with and without). The error correction model is also positively significant that the increase in recurrent expenditure and gross investment cause positively to GDP even in short run. This study underscores the importance of government expenditure and suggests for efficiently on its reallocation.</p><p><strong>The Economic Journal of Nepa</strong>l</p><p>Vol. 35, No. 4, October-December 2012 (Issue N0. 140)</p><p>Page: 215-234</p> Pradip Kumar Mainali ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2015-07-27 2015-07-27 35 4 215 234 Vital Registration System in Nepal: An Overview <p>Vital Events Registration System (VERS) is an important source to generate and update population data regularly on vital registration. Realizing its importance Nepal government has initiated to start it from the beginning of the 1960s and started since 1977 backing by law. Despite the policies and plans of action of the Nepal government and support from various international agencies, the system could not be an effective instrument to generate regular data on population. The data generated from this source is not complete and reliable for public use till date.</p><p><strong>The Economic Journal of Nepal</strong></p><p>Vol. 35, No. 4, October-December 2012 (Issue N0. 140)</p><p>Page: 235-251</p> Rudra Prasad Gautam ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2015-07-27 2015-07-27 35 4 235 251 Micro-Enterprise Development as a Coping Strategy for Food Insecurity in Humla District <p>In Nepal most of the micro-enterprises established so far are agro-based, forest-based and livestock-based. The practice of such enterprises has successful entrepreneurship. The major objective of this study was to access the micro-enterprise to cope with food insecurity in Humla district of Nepal. Food insecurity was major problem of Humla. Food sufficiency from own production in the district ranged from 3-9 months. This study helps to point out the relationship between food insecurity condition and role of the microenterprise. Forty households from each Village Development Committee (VDC), Khagalgaun and Simikot were interviewed. This study concluded that loan borrowed for micro-enterprise, food sufficiency of households, experience year in enterprise, female members in family and cropping area of household are considered the significant factors for income generation from micro-enterprise. Best possible micro-enterprise in the study area was non timber forest products related enterprise followed by fruits/vegetable/honey and handicrafts. The major problems of micro-enterprise were technological and marketing. To cope with food insecurity people of Humla were engaged in honey production followed by Non-timber Forest Products (NTFPs) production and collection, dropping children from school and some were engaged in fruits and vegetable production and few migrated from their settlements. Most products were sold in local market at low price demanding commercialization and diversification of products.</p><p><strong>The Economic Journal of Nepal</strong></p><p>Vol. 35, No. 4, October-December 2012 (Issue N0. 140)</p><p>Page: 252-261</p><p><em><br /></em></p> M. Bhusal P. P. Regmi J. P. Dutta R. B. Thapa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2015-07-27 2015-07-27 35 4 252 261 Conservation of Chure Forest in Nepal: Issues, Challenges and Options <p>Chure region has a distinct geographical and bio-physical specificities lying on the foothill of Himalaya. It is the youngest mountain of the world, and suffering from mass erosion, landslides and other environmental externalities which make the region vulnerable. Resource depletion, for example deforestation, due to natural as well as human induces factors in the Chure region has accelerated, and livelihood opportunities have been retreating. Degradation of watershed, lowering the underground water and disturbing the ecological niche in and around the region makes the region more sensitive and fragile. Government has given greater emphasis on the protection of Chure through initiation of &lsquo;Rastrapati Chure Conservation Program' since 2009. It is an attempt to identify the problems, challenges and issues of Chure forest conservation and to propose an effective conservation plan using qualitative as well as quantitative methods of analysis. The ecological, geographical, and bio-physical conditions of the Chure region have rapidly degrading since last 32 years. Increasing landslides and flooding, and human intervention makes Chure more fragile and weakest zone where lacks/inadequate of livelihood assets and food insecurity are noted. However, Chure region has many opportunities of employment and income generation through establishment of environment friendly green enterprises. Thus it is an urgent need to formulate short-term to long-term strategies with policy priorities actions and result-oriented efforts in order to establish Chure as a rich bio-diversity zone, with hazardless and improved livelihoods of its people.</p><p><strong>The Economic Journal of Nepal</strong></p><p>Vol. 35, No. 4, October-December 2012 (Issue N0. 140)</p><p>Page : 262-278</p><p>&nbsp;</p> Kabi Prasad Pokhrel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2015-07-27 2015-07-27 35 4 262 278 Role of Microfinance for Empowerment of Rural Women in Haryana <p>Women have been the most under-privileged and discriminated strata of Indian society including Haryana. To reduce if not remove discrimination, discontent and deprivation concerning women, microfinance programs have been promoted as an important strategy for their empowerment ever since1976 when Professor Mohammad Yunus of Bangladesh begin experimenting with microcredit and women Self Help Groups. The present article is based on a study conducted in four districts of Haryana State. In total 272 women members of the Self Help Groups have been interviewed with the help of a comprehensive schedule. The empowerment of women has been judged by analyzing the responses of the women beneficiaries in the study. We have observed that microfinance has resulted in empowerment and social justice. It has helped in reducing domestic violence and also helped in anti-alcoholism among the villagers. But could not helped in preventing bigamy and marriage of girls as well as remarriage of widows because of man dominating society in Haryana with Khap Panchayats. To ensure inclusive growth and women empowerment, we need to control corruption, population and inflation which can increase the efficiency and sufficiency of micro financing for self employment. There is a strong case for monitoring and evaluation with good governance (SMART and SIMPLE administration), manpower planning and inflation targeting for achieving the better results in making microfinance under SHGs a success story in India.</p><p><strong>The Economic Journal of Nepal</strong></p> <p>Vol. 35, No. 4, October-December 2012 (Issue N0. 140)</p><p>Page: 279-289</p> Madan Mohan Goel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2015-07-27 2015-07-27 35 4 279 289 Book Review (Demography: Techniques and Analysis) by Asis Kumar Chattopadhyay and Anuj Kumar Saha <p>Not available.&nbsp;</p><p><strong><span>The Economic Journal of Nepal</span></strong><span>&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span>Vol. 35, No. 4, October-December 2012 (Issue N0. 140)</span></p><p><span>Page: 290-291</span></p><p><span><br /></span></p><p>&nbsp;</p> Damodar Jnawali ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2015-07-27 2015-07-27 35 4 290 291