Public Hearing in the EIA Process of Hydropower Development


  • Bharat Mani Sharma Department of Hydro power development and Natural resource



Public hearing, EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment), IEE (Initial Environmental Examination), EPA (Environmental Protection Act), EPR (Environmental Protection Rules), Hydropower development, Nepal


This paper discusses the methodology for public hearings, mandatory legal provisions and their importance in the process of hydropower development. A public hearing is both a process of information sharing, discussion and negotiation, and an end result of allocating compensation and other impact mitigation activities. It is based on prin-ciples of equity and social justice. Any development project that brings changes to the existing biological, physical, socio-economic and cultural environment should be carefully examined considering the status of the stakeholders. A good public hearing process can strengthen private sector incentives to help government and the people to attain a nation’s hydropower development goals and, at the same time, address local opportunities and issues. A good public hearing is important for time-effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and sustainability of hydropower projects. Promises too early in the public hearing process tend to raise high expectations which, if misunderstood or unmet later on, may lead to negative consequences.There is an urgent need to standardize public hearings in the IEE and EIA processes of hydropower projects and help proponents to conduct public hearings effectively.

Key words: Public hearing; EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment); IEE (Initial Environmental Examination); EPA (Environmental Protection Act); EPR (Environmental Protection Rules); Hydropower development; Nepal

DOI: 10.3126/hn.v7i0.4242

Hydro Nepal

Journal of Water, Energy and Environment

Vol. 7, July, 2010

Page: 81-84

Uploaded date: 31 January, 2011


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Author Biography

Bharat Mani Sharma, Department of Hydro power development and Natural resource

30 years of experience in research, evaluation,
training and project management in the areas of
socio-economic development, environmental impact
assessment, hydropower development, natural resource management, forestry, drinking water, irrigation, agriculture, community development, education, health, advocacy and good governance.


How to Cite

Sharma, B. M. (2011). Public Hearing in the EIA Process of Hydropower Development. Hydro Nepal: Journal of Water, Energy and Environment, 7, 81–84.