First-Principles Study of Arsenic Atom, Its Irons and Molecule
Keywords:HF, MP2, DFT, QCISD, HOMO-LUMO energy gap, Electron affinity, Ionization energy
In the present work, we have performed the ground state energy calculations for arsenic atom, its ions and molecule using Hartree-Fock (HF) cluster approximation. The correlation effects in the HF calculations have been taken into account by considering the Møller-Plesset second order perturbation (MP2) and truncated form of Configurational Interaction (CI) that includes single, double, and quadruple excitations, also known as QCISD implemented by the Gaussian 03 sets of program. Our study shows that the ground state of arsenic atom is a quadrate state i.e., charge zero and multiplicity four with ground state energy - 60796.66 eV in MP2 levels of calculation with cc-pVDZ basis set. We have performed the first-principles calculation to study the first electron affinity and ionization energies of arsenic atom up to tenth level. The first-principles calculation has been also carried out to study the equilibrium configuration of arsenic molecule (As2). The bond length and binding energy of arsenic molecule (As2) is found to be 2.15 Å and 3.65 eV in MP2 levels of approximation with basis set 6-311G(3df). Our study has been extended to calculate electrostatic potential for arsenic molecule (As2), whose values at global maxima and minima are found to be 0.30 eV and - 0.20 eV respectively. The calculation of HOMO-LUMO energy gap for the arsenic molecule (As2) is almost independent of choice of basis sets as well as levels of approximation. The HF, MP2, and QCISD calculations also have been carried out to estimate the electric field gradient (EFG) parameters for the excited nuclear state in arsenic molecule (As2). Our results show that the HF, MP2, and QCISD values for the EFG parameters do not differ significantly, indicating that electron correlation effects do not contribute for the determination of EFG parameter.
The Himalayan Physics
Year 5, Vol. 5, Kartik 2071 (Nov 2014)
Page : 17-21