Controlling pests in post-harvested wheat using microwave heating

Authors

  • Hasta Bahadur Pariyar Graduate School of Science and Technology (Mid-West University), Birendranagar, Surkhet, Nepal
  • Savita Dhungana Graduate School of Science and Technology (Mid-West University), Birendranagar, Surkhet, Nepal
  • Dharma Raj Paudel Graduate School of Science and Technology (Mid-West University), Birendranagar, Surkhet, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/hp.v10i1.55284

Abstract

Microwaves refer to electromagnetic waves ranging from 300 MHz to 300 GHz in frequencies. Microwave de-infestation works well without degrading the host material’s quality. In this research, four different samples of wheat grains are taken from each location, which are injected by 20 pests of the same type per sample. Each sample is then put into the microwave oven for the exposure time of 1 minute and 30 seconds, heated at temperatures 60C, 70C, 80C, 90C, and 100C. Finally, the samples are germinated, followed by the analysis of nutrition levels at the laboratory. The statistical analysis of the data shows a significant difference in mortality and germination with temperature changes. The average mortality rate was 95% at 100C for 1 min of exposure time, exposing mortality increases with temperature. The germination decreased with the temperature increment and the exposure time magnitude. Statistical analysis reveals that there is no significant difference in the nutrition levels of wheat with the temperature change. The study concludes that microwave heating is one of the effective tools for controlling pests in post-harvested grains without using pesticides.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
56
PDF
55

Downloads

Published

2023-06-01

How to Cite

Pariyar, H. B., Dhungana, S., & Paudel, D. R. (2023). Controlling pests in post-harvested wheat using microwave heating. Himalayan Physics, 10(1), 86–92. https://doi.org/10.3126/hp.v10i1.55284

Issue

Section

Research Articles