Expressed Emotion and Hallucination Proneness: The Mediating Role of Metacognitive Beliefs

  • Usha Barahmand Department of Psychology, Queens College, City University of New York, New York
  • Ruhollah Heydari Sheikhahmad University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
Keywords: Expressed emotion, Metacognitions, Hallucination proneness, Psychosis


This study was designed to examine the mediating role of meta-cognitions in the relationship between perceived expressed emotions and hallucination proneness in a non-clinical sample. The study sample (n = 432 university students) was selected through a stratified cluster sampling procedure and measures of perceived expressed emotions, metacognitive beliefs and hallucination proneness were administered. Two dimensions of expressed emotion, perceived irritability and perceived intrusion, and two metacognitive beliefs, beliefs about uncontrollability and danger and beliefs about cognitive confidence were found to be associated with hallucination proneness. However, only negative beliefs about uncontrollability of thoughts mediated the relationship between perceived intrusiveness and hallucination proneness. Findings imply the experience of real or perceived parental intrusiveness may activate negative beliefs about thoughts concerning uncontrollability and danger, which in turn, leads to hallucinatory experiences as a coping strategy and contributes to the persistence of real or perceived career intrusiveness.

International Journal of Life Sciences 10 (1) : 2016; 17-24


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How to Cite
Barahmand, U., & Sheikhahmad, R. (2016). Expressed Emotion and Hallucination Proneness: The Mediating Role of Metacognitive Beliefs. International Journal of Life Sciences, 10(1), 17-24.
Research Articles