Focus and Scope

International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health (IJOSH) is an international peer reviewed journal covering occupational health, safety and health.

It provides occupational health physicians, ergonomist, nurses, occupational hygiene, health and safety professionals with a dependable single source of proficiently written legal, practical and management occupational health information.

IJOSH welcomes original research submissions which relate to the full range of chemical, physical, ergonomic, biological and psychosocial hazards in the workplace and to environmental contaminants and their health effects and the safety standards and interventions. Research aimed at improving the evidence-based practice of occupational medicine and research on the development and application of novel methods, including biological and statistical techniques are also of interest. In addition, we publish systematic reviews, editorials, commentaries and letters to the editor, which provide a forum for debate.

IJOSH is adopted as the official journal of the Occupational Health and Safety Society of Nepal (OHSSN).

Publication Frequency

IJOSH will be published half yearly.

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Editorial Board

Chief Editor:
Sunil Kumar Joshi
Professor and Head
Department of Community Medicine
Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu University,
Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal 
Visiting Professor, University of the West of England (UWE), Bristol, UK
Board Member, 
International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH)

Consultant Editor:
Somnath Gangopadhyay
Department of Physiology
Occupational Ergonomics Laboratory
University of Calcutta, India

Executive Editors:

Seshanand Sanjel
Department of Community Medicine
Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences
Kathmandu University

Verna Blewett
Associate Professor
Occupational Health and Safety
Appleton Institute
CQ University

Bishnu Hari Paudel
Professor of Physiology
BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences

Kusal K. Das
Professor, Department of Physiology
Faculty of Medicine
BLDE University
Bijapur, Karnataka

Rammohan V. Maikala
Research Scientist
Center for Physical Ergonomics
Liberty Mutual Group
Research Institute for Safety
Hopkinton, MA 01748

Statistical Consultant:

Dr. Naresh Manandhar
Department of Community Medicine
Kathmandu Medical College
Kathmandu University

Managing Editors:                                                                                                                                                                                    

Ir. Pranab Dahal
Department of Health and Caring Sciences
Linnaeus Univeristy, Kalmar, Sweden

Dr. Nayan Kamal Sainju
Medical Education Department
Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal

Dr. Rakesh Kumar Shah
Ministry of Health and Population
Government of Nepal

National Editors:

Prof. Dr. Paras Kumar Pokharel
School of Public Health and Community Medicine
BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan,

Prof. Sanjay Nath Khanal
Department of Environmental Science & Engineering
Kathmandu University, Kathmandu

International Editors:

Soudeep Kr. Sau
Reader and HOD
Dept. of Human Physiology
Rungta College of Dental Sciences & Research 
Rungta Educational Campus
Kohka Road, Kurud, Bhilai-491 024
Chhattisgarh, India

Prof. Wai-on Phoon
Emeritus Professor of Occupational Health
University of Sydney, Australia

Prof. William S. Carter
Professor of Environmental Safety and Health Management
University of Findlay
Findlay, USA

Prof. Aleksandar Milovanovic
Specialist of Occupational Health
Director of National Institute for Occupational Health of Serbia
Director of WHO Collaborative Center in Belgrade

Knut Skyberg
Advisor, Department of Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology
National Institute of Occupational Health, Norway

Prof. Eng. Leonardo A. Quintana J. 
Profesor and Director
Centro de Estudios de Ergonomía
Bogotá, Colombia

Prof. Katja Radon
Unit for Occcupational and Environmental Epidemiology & NetTeaching
Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine
Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Ziemssenstr, Munich, Germany

Amir Radfar
Florida International University

Dingani Moyo
Occupational Health Specialist and Director
Bulawayo Occupational and Travel Health Centre
Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

Prof. P.V. De Silva
Department of Community Medicine
University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka.  

Karen Michell
OHS Specialist
Concept Safety Systems
South Africa

Prof. Inger Rosdahl
Professor Emerita of Dermatology
Linköping University, Sweden

Prof. Carmen Marin
Professor of Epidemiology
School of Public Health
University of Costa Rica
School of Security and Environmental Hygiene
Technologic Institute of Costa Rica

Saskia F.A. Duijts
Senior researcher
VU medical center / EMGO+ Institute
Department of Public and Occupational Health
Van der Boechorststraat, Amsterdam

Ntombizodwa Ndlovu
Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
School of Public Health, University of the Wit watersrand
Johannesburg, South Africa

Buhara Önal
Medical and occupational health doctor
Ministry of Labour and Social Security
Occupational Health and Safety Institute

Claudia Meneses
Occupational Physician
Director of Guatemalan Centre of Occupational Medicine
Universidad Mariano Galvez de Guatemala, Guatemala

Tahera Yesmin
Assistant Professor, Department of Industrial and Production Engineering (IPE)
Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET)

Prof. Magne Bråtveit
Section for Occupational Medicine
University of Bergen
Bergen, Norway

Banibrata Das
Assistant Professor
Department of Physiology
South Calcutta Girls' College
University of Calcutta, India

Naveen Ramesh
Associate Professor, 
Department of Community Health, St. John's Medical College
Bangalore 560034
Karnataka, India

Principal and Practice of Publication Ethics for International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health (IJOSH)

International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health (IJOSH) follows a peer reviewed model for an article to published in this journal.

For this we need to accept the standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer and the publisher.

Our ethic statements are based on Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) for Journal Editors.

In order of implementing these principals, we strongly uphold some criteria for the all levels of Stakeholders.

  1. Role of Editor
  2. Role of Reviewers
  3. Role of Authors
  4. Plagiarism and possible misconduct

Role of Editor

Decision Making: The Managing editor of the journal is responsible for deciding the articles submitted to the journal, should be published or not. The managing editor may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board. The managing editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

Rationality: The editorial board should evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

Privacy: The editorial board should ensure not to disclose any information’s of author or reviewer’s names or email addresses to each other.

Conflicts of interest: Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used by any editor's own research in any condition.

Peer review: Peer reviewers are experts chosen by editors to provide written assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of written research, with the aim of improving the article and modifying it in most appropriate and highest mode for the journal.

Role of Reviewers

Punctuality: The reviewers who feels unable to review the research or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor.

Confidentiality: Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of objectivity: Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Disclosure and conflict of interest: Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in a reviewer’s own research in any condition. Information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.

Role of authors

Reporting standards: An accurate account of the implemented work and results should be presented, along with an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Review and professional publication articles should also be accurate and objective, and editorial ‘opinion’ works should be clearly identified as such.

Data access and retention: Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

Originality and plagiarism: The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication: An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Acknowledgement of sources: Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. 

Authorship of the Paper: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the editor or the publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editor of the correctness of the original paper.

Ethical considerations: Article reporting experiments on human subjects should disclose whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983.

Subject / Patient consent: Studies on patients or volunteers require ethical committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in submitted manuscript.

Do not use patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material.


Plagiarism is the use of others' published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) without attribution or permission, and presenting them as new and original rather than derived from an existing source. This applies whether the ideas or words are taken from abstracts, research grant applications, Institutional Review Board applications, or unpublished or published manuscripts in any publication format (print or electronic).

Self-plagiarism: The author's copying of her or his own previously published material: duplicate publication or "self--‐ plagiarism." If an author has published an article in Journal A, she or he may not send the same article with a few minor adjustments to Journal B. Nor may she or he take verbatim portions of the first article without quotation marks for use in a second article. Each publication should contain fresh writing, even if there is nothing new to report on the topic.

Inadequate acknowledgement of data or ideas: Most writers rely on the ideas and data of others, but doing so without naming the source is a form of plagiarism.

Copyright infringement: Occurs when an author copies (with or without attribution) significant portions of a published work, including tables and figures, without having obtained the permission of the person or publisher holding the copyright. When this plagiarized "writing" is published, the new publisher is guilty of violating the copyright held by the original publisher.

Policy for misconduct: IJOSH policies towards plagiarism are.

  1. When plagiarism is detected, by either reviewers or editors, before or after acceptance, during editing, or at any time before publication, IJOSH editor office will alert the author, asking her or him to rewrite or quote exactly and to cite the original source.
  2. If the plagiarism is extensive ‐ the article may be rejected and the author's institute may be notified about the violation.
  3. If plagiarism is detected after publication, the editors will notify readers of the infraction through an editor's note in the journal.
  4. In any condition if plagiarism found and author(s) failed to provide a suitable explanation, the IJOSH Plagiarism Committee can take further action.

IJOSH Plagiarism Committee:

  • Editor-in-chief, IJOSH
  • Managing Editor, IJOSH
  • Executive Editors, IJOSH


The answers are here for your questions about International Journal of Ocupational Safety and Health (IJOSH). If you have any questions which are not answered here, please feel free to contact the Managing editor.

What types of articles are published in IJOSH?

  • Original Articles
  • Field Reports
  • Editorials
  • Review Articles
  • Short Communications 
  • Letters to the editor

How can I submit my manuscript to IJOSH?

Your submissions can be submitted online by registering as an author. Click the Register link at the top of the page and complete the registration form. You will then be able to log onto the site to submit your manuscript using the 5 step submission process.

How to obtain print version of the journal?

Currently, IJOSH is an open access online journal. You can download the PDF version of all the articles from journal website.

Who retains copyright of the open access articles and what license is it published under?

Assignment of copyright protects the interests of both author and publisher. Copyright in all material submitted for publication in the journal has to vest in IJOSH.

Can I re-publish the articles with other journals which are already published in IJOSH?

No, IJOSH do not allow the authors to re-publish the articles with other journals.

Can I use the material from articles published in IJOSH?

Although publication elsewhere is prohibited by such assignment of copyright, the material may be used by the author(s):

  • for academic purposes (such as lecturing);
  • for teaching purposes;
  • for professional advice to clients; and
  • as part of non-commercial instructional publications.

Is there any articles charge for Authors?

IJOSH is now charging an article processing fee of US$ 40 (SAARC authors) and US$ 70 (other country authors).

What are authors paying for?

Costs are involved for the publication process, digital typing and copy-editing; the author is asked to pay an article processing charge.

When I need to pay Article Publication Charges?

Article processing charges will have to be paid after the manuscript has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. The corresponding author will be responsible for arranging the payments.

Will there be additional charges, especially if an article contains colour images?

IJOSH is an open access online Journal, so there is no extra charges for the Colour Images.


    Occupational Health and Safety Society of Nepal