International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health <p><strong>IJOSH is the official journal of the Occupational Health and Safety Society of Nepal.&nbsp;</strong><strong>Full-text articles are available online immediately&nbsp;upon publication.&nbsp; The journal is not affiliated to any publishing house.&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><em style="box-sizing: border-box;">International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health</em> (IJOSH) is an international peer-reviewed, open access journal covering occupational health and safety related disciplines. IJOSH is published half yearly. It provides occupational health physicians, doctors, nurses, engineers, ergonomists, and a wide range of occupational hygiene, health and safety professionals with a dependable single source of proficiently written legal, practical and management occupational health information. Please go through the Author guidelines carefully before submitting the manuscripts. <a href="">Link to submission of the manuscripts online</a></p> Occupational Health and Safety Society of Nepal en-US International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health 2091-0878 Waste Workers and Occupational Health Risks <p>No abstract available.</p> Yuba Raj Baral ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 8 2 1 3 10.3126/ijosh.v8i2.23328 Work-related musculoskeletal symptoms among Traffic police: A Review <p>Workplace environment plays an important role in the health of the working population. The risk of adverse effects on health becomes high with the increase in duration of exposure to occupational hazards. Traffic police personnel are vulnerable to such situations. They undergo various hazards ranging from road injuries, physical hazards, biological hazards, chemical hazards, ergonomic hazards and psychological stress while they are at work. They have to keep on standing on same place throughout the duty hours, which also increases the risk of musculoskeletal problem.&nbsp;There have been very few researches to explore the situation of work-related musculoskeletal symptoms in traffic police. Recently, work-related musculoskeletal symptoms were the main cause of sickness absenteeism, reduction in productivity, and chronic occupational disabilities in traffic police have received much attention. Thus, this review has been designed to help the health care professional and occupational health and safety professionals to know the most prone body areas for Musculoskeletal Disorders so as to plan for ergonomic modification and improve quality of life of Traffic Police Personnel. It will also help in uplifting musculoskeletal health for Traffic Police Personnel.</p> Leela Paudel Naresh Manandhar Sunil Kumar Joshi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 8 2 10.3126/ijosh.v8i2.23330 Physical Exertion, Thermal stress affect the Cognitive Performance on Adolescent Farmers of West Bengal, India <p><strong>Background:&nbsp;</strong>Cognitive ergonomics relates with studies related to knowledge, knowledge acquisition skills and other factors. In the modern days, the workers are exposed to a work, which demands cognitive skill along with physical ability.</p> <p><strong>Objectives:</strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;Aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of physical exertion along with thermal stress on the cognitive performance among the adolescent farmers through.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>In the present study, cognitive performance was evaluated through physical exertion along with thermal stress among the adolescent farmers. This cross-sectional study was performed during 2017 -18 among the randomly selected 50 male and 50 female adolescent farmers from the various village of Hooghly District at West Bengal, India. Before conducting the study, legal guardian consent was taken. Prior permission and ethical approval was also obtained from local community leaders as well as relevant authorities before commencement of the study. The memory test or cognitive ability test was done by the Immediate Recovery Test. In cognitive ability test, three pictorial cards were prepared having same length; each of the cards had 15 pictorials. Different pictures card was shown to all the subjects for 15 minutes in resting condition. Immediately after 15 minutes all the subjects were asked to recall the pictures within the 3 minutes. Then, evaluation was undertaken in presence of the subjects.</p> <p><strong>Results:&nbsp;</strong>The result of the study shows that the farmers performed strenuous activity by which they do the more error in cognitive function test than control subjects. This may be due to increase in strenuous activity in agricultural sector by increasing the heart rate (physiological stress) which may decrease the cognitive function among the farmers in compare to control subjects.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: The study concludes that intense fatigue producing or highly strenuous agricultural activity lead to an increase in the number as well as in the percentage of wrong answers in the cognitive test. On the other hand, moderate type of agricultural results in a decrease in the number as well as in the percentage of wrong answers and there is an improvement in the cognitive performance.</p> Banibrata Das Tirthankar Ghosh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 8 2 10.3126/ijosh.v8i2.23331 Photodermatosis and Photo protection in Metropolitan Traffic Police in Kathmandu city <p><strong>Background:</strong> Police officer serves a vital role in maintaining safety and serve are role model for discipline throughout the world, they are non–intentional type sun exposure(NISE).The objective of our present study was to evaluate photo protector practice, knowledge in response to&nbsp; Ultra violet Radiation ,Sunscreens and&nbsp; sun related photodermatosis.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> A cross sectional study was conducted in traffic police officer at different locations at Kathmandu. Data was collected by using self-administered questionnaires and interviewed by Dermatologist to establish their knowledge and behaviour and practice in relation to ultra violet radiation and photo-protection.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> Out of 265 participants, mean age was 27.1 years. Respondent with graduation and master degrees had knowledge and practice toward UVR, follow by higher secondary education. Regarding the practice for photo protection only 59.6% had knowledge about sunscreen, 39.6% knowledge about Ultraviolet Radiation and 24.9% had knowledge about Ultra Violet Index .Skin problem like melasma, premature wrinkles, and hardening of skin, polymorphic light eruption, burning foot syndrome, dermatophytes, and varicose vein.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Traffic police officers showed good practices in term of wearing hat, clothes that cover most of the body parts but poor practice over sunscreen, UVR, UVI. Lectures &amp; seminar regarding the awareness and photo protection practice should be recommended.</p> <p>With lack of awareness among police officers and providing sunscreen for free should be considered by Police authorities. Similarly lectures &amp; seminar on sun protection should be provided in regularly.</p> Eliz Aryal Sabina Bhattarai Govind Pokhrel B. Sanju Shrestha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 8 2 10.3126/ijosh.v8i2.23332