International Journal of Social Sciences and Management 2023-01-31T14:55:32+00:00 Dr Umesh P. Shrivastava Open Journal Systems <p>An international online journal in the English language published quarterly (January, April, July and October) by SEM-Biotech Publishing. Full text articles available. Content also available on the journal's own website (<a href=""></a>). Submit your manuscript(s) for coming issue.</p> Problems and Prospects of Sugar Industry in India: Case Study of Bijnor District; Uttar Pradesh 2022-12-10T07:39:53+00:00 Deepa Gangwar Roli Misra <p>The sugar industry is the most vital industry in India as well as in Uttar Pradesh. Its importance in the state can also be known from the fact that Uttar Pradesh is called the sugar bowl of India. The processing of sugar production is done by co-operative sugar mills and private sugar mills and both the mills are equally important for the bright future of the sugar industry in Uttar Pradesh. In this study, we have attempted to compare and contrast private and cooperative sugar mills. For this, we selected the largest sugarcane-producing area in western Uttar Pradesh, the Bijnor district. This paper is based on both primary data collection and secondary data collection. Primary data was collected through field survey which was undertaken to Dhampur Chini Mill, a privately owned mill with the maximum capacity for crushing sugarcane, and Snehroad Najibabad Mill, a cooperative sugar mill with the lowest capacity. Comparing both the mills it was found that private mill Dhampur is superior in terms of infrastructure, cane crushing capacity, sugar output, and ethanol production. It is more conscious of its corporate social and environmental responsibilities. The cooperative sugar mill doesn't have power cogeneration unit, which should be established, and it makes less revenue than the Dhampur sugar mill generates. The paper concludes with specific policy suggestions to improve condition of cooperative mills.</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 10, Issue-1: 16-24.</em></p> 2023-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Social Sciences and Management SWOT Analysis of Water Induced Disaster Management Policy, 2072 of Nepal 2022-12-28T12:50:38+00:00 Ishwor Thapa Laxmi Kanta Paudel <p>SWOT analysis is a simple and useful framework for analyzing strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of any plans, programs, projects and policies developed by an institution. The government of Nepal had formulated and implemented water-induced disaster management policy in 2072 B.S. which was analyzed using SWOT matrix with the help of document analysis and interview methods. Addressing water induced disaster as policy problems, participatory approaches, resource allocation and identification of hazard and vulnerabilities are the strengths of this policy. However, the implementation is not being successful due to lack of institutional ownership and confusing jurisdiction of work among the government institutions, which is the major weakness of the policy. The policy should take opportunities for its improvements according to the new constitution, national policy for disaster risk reduction, and federal setup. Lack of political and institutional commitment, and implementing agencies at central, provincial and local levels, are the main threats to this policy. It is mandatory to implement this policy after successive improvement for sustainable water-induced disaster management in Nepal, in which SWOT analysis helps for decision-making and critical analysis of this policy.</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 10, Issue-1: 1-4.</em></p> 2023-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Social Sciences and Management Influence of Caste, Education and Family on Women’s Participation in Village Panchayats of Uttarakhand with special reference to Ukhimath and Raipur Block 2023-01-30T13:09:45+00:00 Anjali Semwal <p>Women’s leadership and their effective participation is increasingly on the development agenda of governments. The gender mainstreaming and active involvement of women, who constitute almost 50 percent of population, is very crucial for the development of the rural areas. Women are still disadvantaged due to their limited access to land, credit, technology and resources. Rural women are economically backward. Poverty, illiteracy and caste are the factors affecting the social, economic and political development of woman.</p> <p>Affirmative action to ensure women’s participation in politics is an important step in democratising and engendering local governance. However, it has not been adequate to ensure women’s leadership and their effective participation in local governance, as elected women representatives. At the institutional level, the capacity of local governance structures to implement reforms, institutionalize accountability systems, decentralise functions and facilitate women’s active engagement plays a role in determining whether women are able to emerge as political actors. Social barriers include lack of education, lack of respect for women in PRIs, physical violence against women in public and domestic spheres and oppressive patriarchal and caste structures. In this paper effort has been made to analyse and understand influence of some of social factors, like caste, education and family on women’s participation in village panchayat of Uttarakhand.</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 10, Issue-1: 5-9.</em></p> 2023-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Social Sciences and Management Financial Feasibility and Prospects of Commercial Acid Lime Farming in Nepal 2023-01-31T03:15:57+00:00 Sanjiv Subedi Krishna Prasad Timsina <p>Research was conducted to assess the economics of commercial acid lime production and prospects of lime farming in Nepal. Morang, Sunsari, Chitwan and Nawalparasi districts of Nepal were selected as the study area after having consultation with concerned agricultural personnel. Altogether 70 farmers (19% of the sampling population) were randomly selected from the sampling frame to collect the primary information. The financial analysis of acid lime farming per hectare of land estimated NPV (12% discount rate) NRs. 4828734/ha, BCR 2.2, IRR 40% and the Pay-back period of 5 years, 5 months and 26 days. The BCR greater than one, IRR three times higher than discount rate, high NPV (return on investment more than cent percent) and payback period less than one-third of the total productive age of the lime orchard showed the financial feasibility of commercial acid lime farming in Nepal. The regression revealed that the import, production and productive area were found to be increased at&nbsp; the rate of 32, 6, and 8 percent per annum respectively while that of productivity was found to be decreased by 2.4 percent per annum (p&lt; 0.010). There is a huge opportunity for acid lime farming in Nepal as the demand is much higher than the domestic production resulting voluminous import. Agribusiness promotion strategies focusing on market development should be introduced that would contribute to enhance the national acid lime production and promote the domestic market.</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 10, Issue-1: 10-15.</em></p> 2023-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Social Sciences and Management