International Journal of Social Sciences and Management <p>An international online journal in the English language published quarterly (January, April, July and October) by SEM-Biotech Publishing. Full text articles available. Content also available on the journal's own website (<a href=""></a>).</p> SEM-Biotech Publishing en-US International Journal of Social Sciences and Management 2091-2986 Exploring ICT Indicators for ‘Smart Cities’ in Nepal: Lalitpur Metropolitan City <p>The study explores the existing technological infrastructure in the proposed 'smart cities' in Nepal. It follows the proponents of structural existence and interactivity patterns according to the Structuration Theory by Anthony Giddens (1991). This study incorporating qualitative as well as quantitative data has attempted to compare the digital status of Nepal with Asian and South Asian countries. It is found that local administrations in towns and in villages are continuously working to bring their areas under connection by the installation of CCTVs, smart poles, smart maps, internet infrastructure and other ICT infrastructure. The study used content analysis of documents and survey conducted in Lalitpur Metropolitan City (LMC). The study recommends the four main areas viz., strict policies and practicable guidelines/directives; installation of ICT infrastructure; implanting skill and ICT qualified human resources and construction of robust websites. If the Government of Nepal works in these four areas then the country will step in the track of formation of ‘smart cities’ in Nepal.</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 7, Issue-1: 1-11</em></p> Arjun Karki Sudhamshu Dahal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-01-27 2020-01-27 7 1 1 11 10.3126/ijssm.v7i1.27410 Critical Factors of Emotional Intelligence and Its Effect on Leadership Qualities at Workplace: A Success Mantra for Effective Leaders <p>At the heart of all outstanding organizations is a culture that promotes productivity and quality by valuing and creating high trust relationships. Sound business practices are essential to success, but without trusting relationships that are forged each day at all levels, organizations are limited and distracted by events and symptoms that dampen morale and discourage performance. Regardless of how sound the business practices are, the business will be limited in growth and long-term profit if strategies for integrating and valuing all people are not a part of the plan. To achieve this cultural mindset where all members of the workforce feel valued requires effort, strategy and commitment the need is for the organisations to have leaders with high emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence has become a popular topic in the business press in recent years. Although the importance of the term “emotional intelligence” is of recent origin it has helped develop competencies that are required in many leaders. Emotional Intelligence has become a vital part of how today's leaders meet the significant challenges they face. Emotional intelligence is defined as a person’s self-awareness, self-confidence, self-control, commitment and integrity, and a person’s ability to communicate, influence, initiate change and accept change. Emotional Intelligence can help leaders in an ever more difficult leadership role, one that fewer and fewer people seem capable of fulfilling. And in the middle of the "Talent War", especially at the highest levels in organisations, emotional intelligence can give developing leaders a competitive edge. The idea that success in both life and in work -at least where managing people is a significant factor becomes highly credible so organisations have recognized how their best leaders and managers need to develop their understanding of themselves and others.</p> <p>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. 7(1): 12-16.</p> J. Shanmuganathan A.S. SathishKumar S. Thiriveni Sripriya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-01-27 2020-01-27 7 1 12 16 10.3126/ijssm.v7i1.27404 Knowledge and Compliance Toward Standard Precaution Among Health Care Workers at Bahria International Hospital Lahore, Pakistan <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: Standard precaution is a way to stop the spread of hospital acquired infection which may be in the form of blood, secretions, body waste, body fluids and mucous membrane that may contain contagious infectious agents. Healthcare workers are the persons who have the moral obligation to care for sick persons and improve their regaining health and attain excellent worth of treatment care. Therefore, health care providers should have proper knowledge and good practice to strictly adhere to standard precaution control infection.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To determine the knowledge and compliance toward standard precaution among health care workers in Bahria international Hospital Lahore.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> a descriptive cross sectional study design were used for this study with sample size of 180 participants which were randomly selected from the target population.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The association between knowledge and practice was assessed through chi square test with p value=0.05, after apply this test the p value found .000 which is significant association between knowledge and practice. Whereas regression test shows value of adjusted R² showing 60% (F=.141, p &lt;.001) of variance caused by independent variable (knowledge) in dependent variable (practice). Hence, it is proved that there is a significant positive relationship between knowledge and practice.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The current study concluded that adhering to standard precaution is very important for all health care workers to control hospital acquired infection. Study finding also show that majority of the healthcare workers have good knowledge regarding standard precautions but they have unsatisfactory compliance to prevent and control infection.</p> <p>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. 7(1): 17-20</p> Humira Ather Asaf Khan Saima Shabnum ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-01-27 2020-01-27 7 1 17 20 10.3126/ijssm.v7i1.27406 Leaderships in the Global South: On BP Koirala's Economic Thinking <p>Political leaderships in the global south emerged in course of anti-colonial movements or movements against domestic authoritarianism. The leaderships in these liberation movements also laid foundation for social and economic development of the respective countries, besides political transformation. This article analyzes economic thinking of BP Koirala of Nepal, who led the land-locked country to transform from Rana oligarchy to political democracy. Information by interviews and narrative analysis show that BP's economic perspectives were in germinal form, though he discussed on varieties of issues such as industrialization, land reform, tax, foreign aid, technology and planning. BP's concept on these economic issues represent desire and aspirations of a land-locked underdeveloped country Nepal in the fifties, which was about to relieve it from Rana oligarchy and embark into socio-economic modernization. His ideas were contextual that refer to his ideals of democracy and socialism and his affiliation with foreign leaderships and institutions. Besides the pursuit of economic development, BP's views on economy represent his political strategies to counteract feudal social and political order, seek his leadership's legitimacy, and build a broader coalition for political objectives. Nevertheless, BP's economic views seem to be people centric and hence tend to influence governments as prescription policies.</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 7, Issue-1: 21-29</em></p> Ratna Mani Nepal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-01-27 2020-01-27 7 1 21 29 10.3126/ijssm.v7i1.27104 Assessing the Knowledge of Scabies Among the Women of a Rural Community at Lahore <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Background:</strong> scabies is endemic in most of the mountainous areas of Pakistan, the crowded and unhygienic conditions in IDP (Internally Displaced Persons) camps immediately after the earthquake was the ideal environment for a full blown outbreak of epidemic proportions.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The purpose of this study was to assess Knowledge of scabies among the women of a rural community at Lahore.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>Descriptive cross sectional study design was conducted to assess the Knowledge of scabies among the women and a sample size of n=75 participants were selected for this study through convenient sampling. Data was collected from the women at Gajjumatta community Lahore.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>The main findings were as following. 93.3% of the participants knew that scratching effect causes to Scabies, 73.3% had knowledge that Skin is the main affected organ involved in scabies and 86.7% had knowledge that itching at night and feeling heat is the main sign of scabies</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The purpose of this study was to assess Knowledge of scabies among women at Gajumatta in Lahore. Overall result shows a good knowledge among women of Gajumatta community.</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 7, Issue-1: 30-37</em></p> Naeema Akbar Asif Hanif Muhammad Amir gilani Gilani Samina Yasmin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-01-27 2020-01-27 7 1 30 37 10.3126/ijssm.v7i1.27407 The Presentation of Academic Self in The Digital Age: The Role of Electronic Databases <p>A growing number of online electronic resources present academic work. We are not focusing here on specialised electronic databases that store bibliographic research data, such as Medline, PubMed, ASSIA, ERIC, JSTOR, but databases or social networking websites /platforms for academics/researchers that profile research, academic and professional activities, such as SCOPUS, WoS (Web of Science),, KUDOS, ORCiD, ResearchGate, LinkedIn, Google-Scholar and Mendeley. We discuss databases or platforms can promote the profile of an individual academic, highlighting their research interests, grants and publications.</p> <p>These databases are good outlets for Early Career Researchers (ECRs) to build, improve and promote their public profile. However, the level of efforts requires to open an account or to maintain these databases regularly can be a daunting task for some scholars. This paper outlines some of these key databases and their functions and reflects on advantages and disadvantages of engaging with the most popular ones. We remind the reader that many of these databases require academics’ attention and input, and thus create more work.&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 7, Issue-1: 38-41</em></p> Shovita Dhakal Adhikari Edwin R. van Teijlingen Pramod R. Regmi Preeti Mahato Bibha Simkhada Padam P. Simkhada ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-01-27 2020-01-27 7 1 38 41 10.3126/ijssm.v7i1.27405