International Journal of Social Sciences and Management https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/IJSSM <p>An international online journal in the English language published quarterly (January, April, July and October) by SEM-Biotech Publishing. Full text articles available. Content also available on the journal's own website (<a href="http://www.ijssm.org">www.ijssm.org</a>). Submit your manuscript(s) for coming issue.</p> SEM-Biotech Publishing en-US International Journal of Social Sciences and Management 2091-2986 Inclusive Governance and National Rural Health Mission: A Case study of Pulwama (J&K) https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/IJSSM/article/view/42956 <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong>: Inclusive governance signifies both processes and outcomes in developmental strategies across the world. More inclusive states are more prosperous, influential, and vibrant. Process-based inclusion refers to the decision and policy-making processes and how, why, and whose voices are considered. Outcome-based inclusion refers to the disbursement of developmental outcomes. One of the government’s programs that it has launched is the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM). This programme is functional all over the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir. District Pulwama is part of this region.</p> <p><strong><em>Objectives</em></strong>: whether this programme meets the area-specific needs and whether there is a need for any modification in the healthcare administration to make the programme more inclusive and efficient.</p> <p><strong><em>Methods</em>:</strong> Sampling, literature review, interviews, questionaries, and focused group discussions are employed. The sample size of participants is one hundred, including doctors, patients, common citizens, paramedical staff and administrators.</p> <p><strong><em>Results</em>:</strong> Results were drawn which showed that the strategic convergence of healthcare and other related programs from village level upwards, context-specific alterations, and workable resources allocation elevate this program’s dynamicity. 80% of respondents favoured area-specific modifications needed to reach all society sections.</p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion</em>:</strong> To meet Sustainable Development Goals within the prescribed time limits, the program can result in a remarkable change in the overall healthcare system. It needs to be in sync with the current healthcare scenario, like the outbreak of pandemics like COVID-19. Suggestions are provided to make it more effective, result-oriented, and in sync with the existing ground realities.</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 9, Issue-2: 88-93.</em></p> Tavseef Ahmad Mir Manvendra Singh Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Social Sciences and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 2 88 93 10.3126/ijssm.v9i2.42956 A Study on Quality of Life Among Elderly People Living in Old Age Homes in Bangladesh https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/IJSSM/article/view/43787 <p>Institutional care and support for a portion of the elderly people has become a new reality in the social setting of Bangladesh. This study aimed to explore the quality of life among elderly people living in old age homes in Bangladesh. Further, it focuses to find out the causes of living in old age homes. A sample of 60 elderly people (40 from free type of old age home and 20 from paid type of old age home) were included for the study in purposive manner. Survey and observation method were conducted among elderly living in old age homes of Old Rehabilitation Centre, Gazipur, Amena-Bashar Old Rehabilitation Center, Chattogram and Probin Nibash, Dhaka. The study examined the facilities offered at old age homes. The study found that negligence of the family members is the most important reason for shifting to the old age homes of elderly people. The study also found that the facilities like medical care, recreational facilities, spiritual facilities, safety, facilities for physical exercise and funeral arrangements were significantly better among elderly living in old age homes, while the facilities like food, accommodation and service of caregivers/staffs were average in the level of satisfaction among elderly living in old age homes. It is important to note that the elderly people have the scope to contribute for the welfare of the society in paid type of old age homes. This paper recommends that institutional facilities and participation in different social activities should be increased to improve the quality of life for the elderly people living in old age homes.</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 9, Issue-2: 48-54.</em></p> Md. Soyeb Uddin Haider Mohammed Aminur Rahaman Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Social Sciences and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 2 48 54 10.3126/ijssm.v9i2.43787 Disability and Gender: A study of Lived Experiences of Economic Hardships Faced by Women with Disabilities from Sudurpaschim Province, Nepal https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/IJSSM/article/view/42794 <p>According to the 2011 census, people with disabilities in Nepal are estimated to constitute 1.9% of the total population, out of which 3% are women with disabilities. Studies made on women with disabilities in Nepal show that they suffer violence and discrimination because of their subordinate position in society. Researches on women with disabilities in Nepal seem to focus on social barriers, exploitations and violence faced by them. In the short of researches and reports about the economic challenges faced by women with disabilities, this study uses the concept of intersectionality as a lens to analyze and interpret the economic hardships faced by women with disabilities from Sudurpaschim Province of Nepal. For the purpose of the study in-depth interviews were conducted among eight women with disabilities from Sudurpaschim Province. Though the study is made among women with disabilities from Sudurpaschim Province, the study does not intend to be location specific as such. The study is less about the geographical location of women with disabilities and more about their social location as women with disabilities. The study also delves into the social construction of gender and disability and how it has affected the lives of women with disabilities. Overall, the findings of the study give an impression of high economic dependency of women with disabilities and intensified economic hardships among women with severe form of disabilities.</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 9, Issue-2: 55-62.</em></p> Rupashree Niraula Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Social Sciences and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 2 55 62 10.3126/ijssm.v9i2.42794 Corporate Governance Practices in India: A Comparative Analysis of Senior and Middle Managers https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/IJSSM/article/view/43084 <p>Employees create wealth and bring sustainability to an organization. The organizations are building on their strength by adopting to the best governance mechanisms making employees as the enablers. The current paper investigates the perceptual differences of Senior &amp; Junior Managers in the context of CG practices within an organization. A sample of 255 employees from various public and private sector were assessed. The findings point towards difference between Senior and Junior Managers. Management Processes emerged as a significant variable.</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 9, Issue-2: 63-66.</em></p> Dimple Grover Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Social Sciences and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 2 63 66 10.3126/ijssm.v9i2.43084 Comparative Efficacy of Biological, Botanical and Chemical Treatments Against Damping Off Disease of Tomato in Chitwan https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/IJSSM/article/view/44168 <p>A field experiment on “Comparative Efficacy of Biological, Botanical and Chemical Seed Treatments against Damping Off Disease of Tomato in Bhojad, Chitwan” was conducted from 1<sup>st</sup> October to 1<sup>st</sup> November 2020. The test was placed on Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with five treatments and four responses. The treatments were included Trichoderma harzianium (10<sup>7 </sup>cfu ml<sup>-1</sup>) as a bio control agent, Bavistin (2g/litre of water) as chemical treatments and Neem extract as botanical treatments. The germination percentage, pre, and post-emergence damping-off, plant height, root weight and shoot weight, dry root and dry shoot weight of tomato seedlings were recorded. There was a significant increment in germination percentage (86.25%), reduction in pre and post disease incidence (23% and 5.16%), highest plant height (41.20 cm), highest fresh root weight, and fresh shoot weight (0.9725g and 12.300g), highest dry root and dry shoot weight (0.1975g and 1.393g) respectively were found when the Bavistin treatment was given however Trichoderma harzianum (10<sup>7</sup> cfu ml<sup>-1</sup>) treatment was also found significantly effective for controlling damping-off of tomato as compared to control which is non-hazardous to environment and the human being so, is suggested to use for organic agriculture.</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 9, Issue-2: 67-74.</em></p> Laxmi Kharel Sharma Nisha Sharma Babita Dhungana Aakash Adhikari Sundar Man Shrestha Dharmendra Yadav Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Social Sciences and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 2 67 74 10.3126/ijssm.v9i2.44168 Roles of Mass Media in Shaping Knowledge and Perception Related to Covid-19 https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/IJSSM/article/view/42995 <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><strong>: </strong>COVID-19 is an emerging disease that has been creating global havoc. Since it was a newly emerged disease, only a little information was known at the initial phase. Later, correct information and prevention measures were provided throughout the globe via a different outlet, but the prevailing myths and misconceptions still followed.</p> <p><strong><em>Objective</em>:</strong> To assess the role of mass media on knowledge and perception related to COVID-19 among the students.</p> <p><strong><em>Methodology</em></strong><strong>:</strong> A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to identify the role of mass media in shaping the knowledge and perception related to COVID-19 among the students of Bharatpur, Chitwan. Samples were selected by using a stratified random sampling method and data was collected by using self-administered structured questionnaires and IBM SPSS was used for analysis in descriptive and inferential statistics.</p> <p><strong><em>Results</em>:</strong> Out of the 103 respondents, 13.6% were male and 86.5% were females, 86.4 % were age more than 23years. Among which, 88.8% used mass media for obtaining information where 67.3% used it daily and the most preferable media was social media (70.4%). Similarly, 74.8% of respondents had fair knowledge, (15.5%) respondents had good knowledge, and 97.1% of the respondents had a positive perception regarding Covid-19. Respondent’s most preferable media (social media) was significantly associated with the level of knowledge of the respondents (p=0.047).</p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion</em>:</strong> The study concludes that the respondents had positive perceptions, but the knowledge level was more fair knowledge and very limited good knowledge, which signifies that there is still a need for awareness programs, campaigns, and other educational interventions. </p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 9, Issue-2: 75-82.</em></p> Sonisa Shrestha Shobha Sapkota Shubha Sapkota Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Social Sciences and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 2 75 82 10.3126/ijssm.v9i2.42995 Language-Related Communication Stress Among Yemeni Student Diaspora in Karnataka, India https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/IJSSM/article/view/42798 <p>Foreign students, who get admission to various universities and educational institutions in various countries, undergo immense stress and struggles due to socio-linguistic and cultural barriers. Though this get diluted in the long-run, the problems can be easily minimized. The present study looks in to the problems faced by Yemeni student diaspora in India, and as a case study in Karnataka, a southern state. The personal life, social life and especially the student life is studied based on their reactions to various statements on stress. The study found that Yemeni students undergo tremendous pressures and stress as a foreign student, due to lack of language skills, special accents, and use of native language by people they interact. The researcher suggests training in linguistic skills, openness and hard work as solutions.</p> <p><em>Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 9, Issue-2: 83-87.</em></p> Siham Musleh AL-Badaji P.A. Varghese Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Social Sciences and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 2 83 87 10.3126/ijssm.v9i2.42798