Assessment of Nutritional Status of Under Five Years Children in Kolati Bhumlu of Kavrepalanchok District

Authors

  • Amita KC Department of Public Health, Hope International College, Faculty of Medical and Allied Sciences, Purbanchal University, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9911-569X
  • Ranendra Bohara Panga Balkumari Health Post, Kirtipur Municipality

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jaar.v10i2.60198

Keywords:

Associated factors, Malnutrition, Nutritional status, Under-five years children

Abstract

Background: The nutritional status of children is one of the major indicators of child survival and a proxy indicator for the general health of the population. Malnutrition is a significant public health issue in the majority of developing nations and is particularly prevalent among children under five years of age. Mortality and morbidity among children under-five years of age are influence by nutritional status. The context of Nepal, more than one-third (36%) of children under-five years of age stunted or too short for their age. 10% of children wasted (too thin for height), a sign of acute malnutrition. 27% of children underweight or too thin for their age. These children had greater risk of severe acute malnutrition and death.

Objective: Study’s objective was to assess the nutritional status of under-five year’s children and factors associated with malnutrition.

Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in Kolati Bhumlu of Kavrepalanchok district of Nepal. A total of 115 under-five year’schildren and their mothers were included in study. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version16 was used to analyze the data.

Result: The prevalence of underweight was found to be 28.7% according to the classification of malnutrition based on Z- score .Similarly, the prevalence of wasting was found to be 18.3% and the prevalence of stunting was found to be 29.6%. According to Gomez’s malnutrition classification (NCHS/WHO as standard) for Weight for age (underweight) 3.5% children were severely malnourished. According to Water-low’s classification, regarding the height for age (stunting) 9.6% children were severely malnourished. Regarding MUAC measurement 7.8% children had severe malnutrition. The Gender of the child was associated with stunting.

Conclusion: In the study population, the high prevalence of malnutrition especially stunting among under-five years children. Taking weight, height, age, and mid- upper arm circumference (MUAC) measurements of malnourished children more than three-fifths of them were below -2SD and nearly one-fourths were below -3SD which needs intervention.

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Published

2023-11-27

How to Cite

KC, A., & Bohara, R. (2023). Assessment of Nutritional Status of Under Five Years Children in Kolati Bhumlu of Kavrepalanchok District. Journal of Advanced Academic Research, 10(2), 79–91. https://doi.org/10.3126/jaar.v10i2.60198

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