Visceral fat versus subcutaneous fat: comparison of their association with type 2 diabetes mellitus

  • OK Shrestha Department of Radiology, Gandaki Medical College, Pokhara
  • GL Shrestha Department of Radiology, Fishtail Hospital and Research Center Pvt. Ltd., Pokhara
Keywords: Abdominal fat distribution, Subcutaneous fat, Type 2 diabetes, Visceral fat

Abstract

To compare abdominal visceral fat with subcutaneous fat in relation to their association with type 2 diabetes. Abdominal fat distribution was measured using Computed Tomography in 60 subjects (30 diabetics and 30 non-diabetics). Computed tomography images obtained at two intervertebral locations L2-L3 and L4-L5 were used to measure areas of total fat, visceral fat and subcutaneous fat using slice thickness of 5mm and attenuation range of -190 to -30 Hounsfield units. Data were analyzed using logistic regression. At L2-L3 level, taking visceral fat and subcutaneous fat as predictor variables, diabetes was correctly classified at 78.0% and 66.10% respectively. At L4-L5 level, taking visceral fat and subcutaneous fat as predictor variables, diabetes was correctly classified at 72.88% and 67.80% respectively. Regardless of the measurement site, visceral fat has significantly stronger association with diabetes, compared to subcutaneous fat. Visceral fat at L2-L3 level alone may be a better predictor of diabetes. Abdominal fat distribution, visceral fat, subcutaneous fat, type 2 diabetes.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jcmc.v4i2.10853

Journal of Chitwan Medical College 2014; 4(2): 9-12

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Abstract
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Published
2014-07-30
How to Cite
Shrestha, O., & Shrestha, G. (2014). Visceral fat versus subcutaneous fat: comparison of their association with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Chitwan Medical College, 4(2), 9-12. https://doi.org/10.3126/jcmc.v4i2.10853
Section
Original Research Articles