Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency among children and adolescents

  • Shanti Regmi Chitwan Medical College
  • Ananda Prasad Regmi Chitwan Medical College
  • Santosh Adhikari Chitwan Medical College
  • Disuja Shakya Chitwan Medical College
Keywords: Children, Deficiency, Insufficiency, Vitamin D


Background: Vitamin D is an essential prohormone for the normal skeletal and extraskeletal health. Vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency is an unrecognized epidemic among children and adults worldwide. There are growing data from studies of young children and adolescents in other countries, but a limited information are available regarding the prevalence of this nutritional deficiency/insufficiency among the Nepalese children and adolescents. Thus this study was aimed to find out the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency among children and adolescents, who has attended in Chitwan Medical College (CMC).

Methods: This was a retrospective hospital based study in children between 2 months and 19 years of age, conducted in CMC from April 2015 to December 2016.

Results: Among 108 total studied, overall 74.1% (80) patients had 25(OH) D levels lower than 30 ng/ml with 27.8% having severe deficiency (< 10 ng/ml), 28.7% deficiency (10-19 ng/ml) and 17.6% insufficiency (20-29 ng/ml) category . The prevalence was found higher in females (95.2%), though the difference in prevalence between sexes was not statistically significant (P –value 0.243).

Conclusion: Our study concluded that a high prevalence of low Vitamin D status (deficiency/insufficiency) found among the paediatric population (all paediatric age groups) indicates a need for further national level study to find out the actual prevalence of this nutritional deficiency, as well as the need for vitamin D supplementation to all children and adolescents.


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Author Biographies

Shanti Regmi, Chitwan Medical College
Ananda Prasad Regmi, Chitwan Medical College
Santosh Adhikari, Chitwan Medical College
Disuja Shakya, Chitwan Medical College
How to Cite
Regmi, S., Regmi, A., Adhikari, S., & Shakya, D. (2017). Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency among children and adolescents. Journal of Chitwan Medical College, 7(1), 11-15.
Original Research Articles