Maoist Conflict, Community Forestry and Livelihoods: Pro-poor Innovations in Forest Management in Nepal

Authors

  • KBK Nirmal Livelihoods & Forestry Programme (LFP), Nepal
  • Ravi K Shrestha Livelihoods & Forestry Programme (LFP), Nepal
  • Sudil G Acharya Livelihoods & Forestry Programme (LFP), Nepal
  • Abdul S Ansari Livelihoods & Forestry Programme (LFP), Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jfl.v8i2.2311

Keywords:

community forestry, conflict, livelihoods, social inclusion, development

Abstract

Violent conflicts are quite often perceived as a destructive and negative phenomenon, and there is little understanding of how they also offer opportunities for a positive change in the society. In particular, little is understood about how violent conflicts and development processes interact and create positive changes in local institutions and practices. This article focuses on such interactions observed amongst the Community Forest User Groups (CFUGs) in the Koshi Hills of Nepal, as the Livelihoods and Forestry Programme (LFP) worked through the conflict period. It demonstrates that the Maoist conflict contributed in several ways to enhance the pro-poor outcomes of development actions. We show that the conflict helped empower the marginalised groups, improve their access to community resources, and bring about important changes within the local institutions and practices, contributing to equitable resource management. We suggest that there are positive sides of a violent conflict, where development interventions need to focus on. We also argue that development brings about equitable outcomes if it is complemented with local level advocacy in favour of the poor and marginalised groups. 

Full text is available at the ForestAction website

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jfl.v8i2.2311

Journal of Forest and Livelihood 8(2) February 2009 pp.93-100

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
783
PDF
796

Downloads

Published

2009-10-15

How to Cite

Nirmal, K., Shrestha, R. K., Acharya, S. G., & Ansari, A. S. (2009). Maoist Conflict, Community Forestry and Livelihoods: Pro-poor Innovations in Forest Management in Nepal. Journal of Forest and Livelihood, 8(2), 93–100. https://doi.org/10.3126/jfl.v8i2.2311

Issue

Section

Articles