Estimation of ventricles size of human brain by Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Nepalese Population: A retrospective study

  • Sushma Singh Gandaki Medical College https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8147-4563
  • Bhoj Raj Sharma Gandaki Medical College
  • Urusha Prajapati Gandaki Medical College
  • Pujan Sharma Gandaki Medical College
  • Manoj Bhatta Gandaki Medical College
  • Nawaraj Paudel Gandaki Medical College
Keywords: Brain, Brain ventricles, Magnetic resonance imaging, Ventricular size

Abstract

Background and Objective: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides image acquisition of three-dimensional data and measurement in any chosen imaging plane. Objective of this study is to assess the size of ventricles of the brain of normal Nepalese people and establish the range of size of the ventricular system and compute the ventricular dimensions among different age and gender.

Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional retrospective study done at Gandaki Medical College, Pokhara. A total of 106 MRI scan data of healthy individuals were collected over a period of seven months between March to September 2019. Patients ranged between eight and eighty years of age with 58 males and 48 females. Measurements of the mean of bifrontal diameter (BFD), bihemispheric diameter (BHD), third ventricle transverse dimension (TVTD), fourth ventricle antero-posterior dimension (FVAP), fourth ventricle width (FVW), and frontal horn ratio (FHR) were done.

Result: The mean of BFD, BHD, TVTD, FVAP, FVW, and FHR were found to be 3.05 ± 0.10 cm, 10.11 ± 0.40 cm, 0.43 ± 0.11 cm, 0.90 ± 0.11 cm, 1.22 ± 0.12 cm, and 0.30 ± 0.01 cm, respectively. The mean width of fourth ventricle in males and females was observed to be 1.23 ± 0.12 cm and 1.19 ± 0.11 cm respectively. There was a significant correlation of TVTD, FVAP, FHR and BFD with age with Pearson correlation coefficient 0.393 (P value <0.01), 0.259 (P value <0.01), 0.34 (P value <0.01), and 0.219 (P value <0.05) respectively. However, BHD and FVW have no correlation with age.

Conclusion: Third Ventricle Traverse Dimension, FVP, FVW and FHR show almost similar or slight difference in measurement according to gender. However, BFD shows larger difference in measurement according to gender. Similarly there is no such significant difference according to age in measurement of BFD, BHD, FVAP, FVW and FHR, while TVTD measurement shows slight increased measurement according to age.  

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Author Biographies

Sushma Singh, Gandaki Medical College

Lecturer/ B.Sc. MIT Programe Coordinator, Department of Radiology

Bhoj Raj Sharma, Gandaki Medical College

Lecturer, Department of Radiology

Urusha Prajapati, Gandaki Medical College

Radiological Technologist

Pujan Sharma, Gandaki Medical College

Associate Professor, Department of Radiology 

 

Manoj Bhatta, Gandaki Medical College

Radiological Technologist

Nawaraj Paudel, Gandaki Medical College

Lecturer, Department of Radiology 

Published
2020-06-14
How to Cite
Singh, S., Sharma, B., Prajapati, U., Sharma, P., Bhatta, M., & Paudel, N. (2020). Estimation of ventricles size of human brain by Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Nepalese Population: A retrospective study. Journal of Gandaki Medical College-Nepal, 13(1), 45-50. https://doi.org/10.3126/jgmcn.v13i1.28542
Section
Original Articles