Comparison of tooth size and arch width of crowded and uncrowded Class I occlusion in individuals visiting a tertiary care center in Nepal

Authors

  • Manju Pandey Department of Orthodontics, College of Dental Surgery, Gandaki Medical College Teaching Hospital and Research Center, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Umesh Parajuli Department of Orthodontics, College of Dental Surgery, Gandaki Medical College Teaching Hospital and Research Center, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Anita Dahal Nepal Army Institute of Health Sciences
  • Bijayata Shrestha Department of Oral Pathology, College of Dental Surgery, Gandaki Medical College Teaching Hospital and Research Center, Pokhara, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3930-4138

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jgmcn.v17i1.66486

Keywords:

Arch width, class I malocclusion, crowding, tooth size

Abstract

Introduction: The knowledge of tooth width and arch size is essential for esthetic and orthodontic rehabilitation. Hence, this study was done to assess the extent to which the arch width and mesiodistal tooth size were responsible for the crowding in individuals visiting a tertiary care center in Nepal.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on dental casts which was divided into two groups. The first group consisted 30 casts of normal occlusions (15 males and 15 females) without crowding. The second group consisted same number of casts exhibiting class I malocclusion with crowding. Mesiodistal teeth dimensions and arch width were measured. The data was analyzed using an independent sample t-test with a level of significance set at p<0.05.

Results: Statistically significant difference in mesiodistal width of the upper central incisor ( 1st group 8.5±0.33, 2nd group 9.26±0.47; p-value=0.027) and canine (1st group 7.52±1.03, 2nd group 8.14±0.34; p-value=0.012), lower canine (1st group 6.38±0.84, 2nd group 7.12±0.38; p-value=0.005), 1st (1st group 6.63±0.81, 2nd group 7.23±0.46; p-value =0.023) and 2nd (1st group 6.66±0.85, 2nd group 6.97±0.52; p-value=0.035) premolar was observed. Buccal intercanine width of the maxillary and mandibular arch (1st group 38.25± 3.14, 2nd group 36.45 ± 1.44; p-value=0.003 and 1st group 30.88±1.6, 2nd group 25.48± 0.75; p-value=0.05 respectively), maxillary buccal intermolar width (1st group 58.44±5.0, 2nd group 55.75± 1.7; p-value=0.001), mandibular buccal (1st group 56.75± 4.2, 2nd group 55.30±2.12; p-value=0.013) and lingual intermolar width (1st group 32.50±3.4 , 2nd group 28.73±1.88; p-value=0.036) were found to be larger in the first group.

Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that both the tooth size and arch width has a role in developing crowding.

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Published

2024-06-20

How to Cite

Pandey, M., Parajuli, U., Dahal, A., & Shrestha, B. (2024). Comparison of tooth size and arch width of crowded and uncrowded Class I occlusion in individuals visiting a tertiary care center in Nepal. Journal of Gandaki Medical College-Nepal, 17(1), 83–87. https://doi.org/10.3126/jgmcn.v17i1.66486

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Original Articles