Bacteriology of urinary tract infection in pediatric patients at KIST Medical College Teaching Hospital


  • Birendra Raj Raghubanshi Department of Microbiology
  • Devendra Shrestha Department of Paediatrics
  • Mahesh Chaudhary Department of Microbiology
  • Bal Man Singh Karki Department of Microbiology
  • Ajaya Kumar Dhakal Department of Paediatrics; KIST Medical College, Lalitpur



Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, Bacterial isolates, Urinary Tract infection, Urine culture


Background: Urinary tract infection is common in children and is an important cause of morbidity. Urinary tract infection at young age can lead to renal injury and scarring, and ultimately lead to end stage renal disease in adulthood.

Objectives: The purpose of study was to identify the different species of microorganisms, along with their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, causing urinary tract infection in paediatric patients presenting with urinary tract infection at KIST Medical College, Imadol, Lalitpur, Nepal.

Methods: This retrospective study examined microbiological and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern for urine samples collected at KIST Medical College, Imadol, Lalitpur from December 2010 to November 2013. A urine sample was included in our dataset if it demonstrated pure growth of a single organism and accompanying antimicrobial susceptibility and subject demographic data were available.

Results: Escherichia coli was the most common organism isolated, followed by Klebsiella species, Staphylococcus species and then by Proteus species, Enterococcus species and Citrobacter species being equal in number. Microorganisms were most susceptible to amikacin and nitrofurantoin and most resistant to ampicillin and nalidixic acid.

Conclusion: Though various microorganisms are responsible for urinary tract infection in children, Escherichia coli is the most common causative agent. Antimicrobial resistance has already emerged against many antibiotics, making empiric treatment of these infections challenging.


Journal of Kathmandu Medical College

Vol. 3, No. 1, Issue 7, Jan.-Mar., 2014, Page: 21-25


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Author Biographies

Birendra Raj Raghubanshi, Department of Microbiology


Devendra Shrestha, Department of Paediatrics

Associate Professor

Mahesh Chaudhary, Department of Microbiology


Bal Man Singh Karki, Department of Microbiology


Ajaya Kumar Dhakal, Department of Paediatrics; KIST Medical College, Lalitpur





How to Cite

Raghubanshi, B. R., Shrestha, D., Chaudhary, M., Karki, B. M. S., & Dhakal, A. K. (2014). Bacteriology of urinary tract infection in pediatric patients at KIST Medical College Teaching Hospital. Journal of Kathmandu Medical College, 3(1), 21–25.



Original Research Articles