Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding voluntary blood donation among the bachelor level students of Chitwan, Nepal
Keywords:Knowledge, Attitude and Practices, Voluntary blood donation
Background and Objectives: Blood transfusion is a core service within health care systems and individuals who donate their blood in the treatment of sick human for different conditions such as surgery, accident, delivery and treatment of different diseases. The donation of blood by voluntary non-remunerated blood donors is recognized as being crucial for the safety and sustainability of national blood supplies. The study is carried out to find out the prevalence of blood donors and to explore the knowledge, attitude and practice on voluntary blood donation of medical students.
Material and Methods: Data were collected from a semi-structured questionnaire and technique was self-administered questionnaire to know the level of knowledge, attitude and practices of blood donation and analyze by using SPSS software among 167 medical students of Shree Medical and Technical College, Chitwan. The scoring system in knowledge was included. Attitude was assessed by using 3-point Likert scale.
Results: Majority of respondents (92.8%) had heard about voluntary blood donation and almost all (97.2%) respondents knew the correct meaning of voluntary blood donation. About 38.9% had poor knowledge regarding voluntary blood donation and 61.1% of the respondents had good knowledge on voluntary blood donation and mean knowledge was found to be 56.17%. Those respondents who had work experience had significantly low level of knowledge than who did not have work experience (p = 0.0025).
Conclusion: To increase the prevalence of voluntary blood donation, specific campaigns involving interactive awareness sessions on blood donation should be organized, targeting the youth, motivating them to become regular voluntary blood donors should be conducted. Efforts must be undertaken to bring the knowledge and positive attitude towards students into application in future to achieve the goal of 100% VBD.
Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Sciences (2015) Vol. 3 (2): 21-28
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© JMCJMS, JMC, Janakpur, Nepal