Thrombocytosis in Febrile Illness in Children of Age Three Months to 14 Years at a Tertiary Care Hospital of Nepal
Keywords:Children, Febrile illness, Tertiary care, Thrombocytosis
Background and Objectives: Acute febrile illness is common presentation in children. Thrombocytosis can be used as a predictor of febrile illness in children. The objectives of this study were to find out the prevalence and causes of thrombocytosis among febrile children and to access the utility of platelet count as a potential predictor of serious bacterial infection alone or in association with other predictors.
Material and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was done in 290 febrile children following convenience sampling method. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS. Univariate analysis using chi-square test for categorical and independent samples and “t” test for continuous variables were done.
Results: Thrombocytosis was present in 13.1% of cases. Most cases had mild thrombocytosis (10%) whereas moderate thrombocytosis was present in 2.8% of cases and 0.3% cases had severe thrombocytosis. Lymphocyte level, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein also showed a significant association with thrombocytosis (p<0.05). Serious bacterial infection was present in 209 cases out of which 30 children had thrombocytosis but was not significant compared to children with non serious bacterial infection with thrombocytosis (p=0.171).
Conclusion: Thrombocytosis was found to have an association with febrile illnesses. More so, it indicated a fair discriminate ability to diagnose infectious cause of disease. However there was no statistical significance between thrombocytosis and serious bacterial infection.
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© JMCJMS, JMC, Janakpur, Nepal