Distribution of ABO and Rh blood groups in Nepalese medical students

Authors

  • Kshitiz Uphaday-Dhungel Department of Physiology, Janaki Medical College, Janakpurdham,
  • GN Banskota Department of Physiology, KIST Medical College,
  • PK Das Department of Physiology, KIST Medical College,
  • A Sohal Research and Planning, Think Tank Foundation, Jorpati,

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jmcjms.v1i2.9263

Keywords:

Blood group, ABO, Rh, Nepalese students

Abstract

Background and Objectives: The distribution of ABO and Rh blood groups vary from population to population. With an interest of finding out rare blood group in Nepalese population, we studied the blood group distribution was studied in five different medical colleges in Nepal.

Material and Methods: Capillary Blood sample were taken to determine blood group of of 2208 twenty two hundred and eight Nepalese students from five different medical colleges, viz. Manipal College of medical sciences, Pokhara; Nepalgunj Medical College, Chisapani, Banke ; College of Medical sciences, Bharatpur, Chitwan; Kist Medical College, Lalitpur and Janaki Medical College, Janakpur were recorded. Slide test method was used to determine the blood group of the subjects.

Results: In our study subjects, 28.17% were blood group A, 30.17% were blood group B, 34.87% were blood group O and 6.79% were blood group AB. Similarly, 95.38% were Rh +ve and 4.62% were Rh –ve. The blood group distribution patterns in male and female were different.

Conclusion: This result demonstrates that AB blood group is the most rare blood group among the studied Nepalese population, followed by group A, B and O.

Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Sciences (2013) Vol. 1 (2): 17-20

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jmcjms.v1i2.9263

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Published

2013-12-05

How to Cite

Uphaday-Dhungel, K., Banskota, G., Das, P., & Sohal, A. (2013). Distribution of ABO and Rh blood groups in Nepalese medical students. Janaki Medical College Journal of Medical Science, 1(2), 17–20. https://doi.org/10.3126/jmcjms.v1i2.9263

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Section

Research Articles