Sustainable Intensification in Agriculture: An Approach for Making Agriculture Greener and Productive

Authors

  • Jiban Shrestha Nepal Agricultural Research Council, National Plant Breeding and Genetic Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3755-8812
  • Subash Subedi Hill Crops Research Program, Kabre, Dolakha, Nepal
  • Krishna Prasad Timsina National Agricultural Policy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur Nepal
  • Sudeep Subedi Nepal Agricultural Research Council, National Plant Breeding and Genetic Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Meena Pandey Paklihawa Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, TU, Rupandehi, Lumbini, Nepal
  • Aakriti Shrestha Himalayan College of Agricultural Science and Technology, Purbanchal University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sajina Shrestha Himalayan College of Agricultural Science and Technology, Purbanchal University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Mohammad Anwar Hossain Deptartment of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jnarc.v7i1.36937

Keywords:

Agriculture, food security, intensification, sustainability

Abstract

Sustainable intensification of agriculture is a good approach for reducing the yield gap without exacerbating the current condition of the environmental components, which is a big challenge for agriculture in the modern world. This review provides a summary of the role and approaches of sustainable intensification in agriculture which offer ways to increase crop production and create long-term sustainability in agriculture production. The current demand for food has continued to rise as a result of the world's rapidly increasing population. In order to increase crop/food production, agricultural systems should be intensified by more sustainable practices, as well as by reforming existing production systems/techniques and diversifying them into newer and more profitable enterprises. Despite the heavy use of inputs, farmers have recently been unable to achieve optimal crop yields. The judicious use of agricultural inputs, combined with improved management techniques, is important for advancing sustainable intensification. New scientific techniques in agronomic practices, as well as improved farm mechanization, are helping to boost resource use efficiency in sustainable crop production. The sustainable agricultural intensification is necessary to increase the agricultural productivity under the changing and adverse climatic conditions while maintaining healthy production practices.

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Published

2021-04-30

How to Cite

Shrestha, J., Subedi, S., Timsina, K. P., Subedi, S., Pandey, M., Shrestha, A., Shrestha, S., & Hossain, M. A. (2021). Sustainable Intensification in Agriculture: An Approach for Making Agriculture Greener and Productive. Journal of Nepal Agricultural Research Council, 7(1), 133–150. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnarc.v7i1.36937

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Articles