Screening of Maize Genotypes against Maize Leaf Aphid [Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch)] under Field Condition at Chitwan, Nepal

Authors

  • Saraswati Neupane NationalMaize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3033-5840
  • Subash Subedi Oilseed Research Program, Nawalpur, Sarlahi, Nepal
  • Prazwal Neupane Oilseed Research Program, Nawalpur, Sarlahi, Nepal
  • Ramesh Kumar Shrestha NationalMaize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jnarc.v8i.44806

Keywords:

aphid, genotype, maize, resistance

Abstract

Thirty maize genotypes including five hybrids, eight quality protein (QPM) and seventeen full season open pollinated (OP) were screened for their resistance against maize leaf aphid (Rhopalosiphum maidis Fitch) at the research field of National Maize Research Program, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal during the year 2019 and 2020. The design of the experiment was randomized incomplete block with three replications. The plot size was 2 rows of 5 m long with the spacing of 60 cm × 25 cm. The recommended dose of fertilizer for full season OP and QPM were 120:60:40 and for hybrid maize 180:60:40 N: P2O5:K2O kg/ha with farmyard manure 10 t/ha and seed rate was 20 kg/ha. Data on aphid incidence, severity, yield and yield components were recorded. Maize hybrids RML-95/RML-96 (18%) and Rampur Hybrid-10 (22%), two quality protein maize (QPM) S00TLYQ-AB (22%) and S99TLYQ-A (23%) and two full season OP genotypes TLBRS07F16 (24%) and ZM 627 (26%) were less susceptible to aphid infestation and resulted in higher grain yield. The findings could aid in the selection of maize genotypes for the development of aphid resistant and high-yielding maize varieties.

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Published

2022-05-09

How to Cite

Neupane, S. ., Subedi, S. ., Neupane, P. ., & Shrestha, R. K. . (2022). Screening of Maize Genotypes against Maize Leaf Aphid [Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch)] under Field Condition at Chitwan, Nepal. Journal of Nepal Agricultural Research Council, 8, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnarc.v8i.44806

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