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Effect of Organic Manures and Chemical Fertilizers on Maize Productivity and Soil Properties in the Winter Season

Authors

  • Parbati Adhikari National Maize Research Program, NARC, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Reena Sharma National Maize Research Program, NARC, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Bhanu Bhakta Pokharel Nepal Agricultural Research Council, National Plant Breeding and Genetics Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jnarc.v8i.44861

Keywords:

fertilizer, inorganic, maize, organic.

Abstract

Field experiments were conducted at the National Maize Research Program Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal, during the two consecutive winter seasons of 2018/19 and 2019/20. The objective was to identify the impacts of different sources of nutrients on the growth and yield parameters of winter maize and soil properties. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications and twelve treatments. Combinations of different organic and inorganic sources, including the recommended dose of chemical fertilizer, use of farmyard manure, poultry manure, vermicompost, mustard oil cake, green manure, and bone meal, were made. Different nutrient levels significantly influenced the maize grain yield. The maximum grain yields of 7102 kg/ha (2018/19) and 6985 kg/ha (2019/20) were obtained with the combined application of 50% recommended dose (RD) of chemical fertilizer along with mustard oilcake at the rate of 5 t/ha, which was at par (6970 kg/ha and 6535 kg/ha) with the sole application of mustard oilcake at 5 t/ha. It can be concluded that maize performed best when 50% of the recommended dose of N, P2O5, and K2O fertilizers were combined with a 5 t mustard oilcake/ha application, followed by a sole application of 5 t mustard oilcake/ha. Soil properties, namely soil organic matter, were found to be significantly improved due to the application of a combined application of organic and inorganic fertilizer. Thus, in subtropical conditions, integrated organic manures and chemical fertilizers can enhance soil properties and increase maize productivity during the winter season.

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Published

2022-05-09

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How to Cite

Adhikari, P. ., Sharma, R., & Pokharel, B. B. . (2022). Effect of Organic Manures and Chemical Fertilizers on Maize Productivity and Soil Properties in the Winter Season. Journal of Nepal Agricultural Research Council, 8, 53–63. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnarc.v8i.44861

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