Study of Socio-Demographic Profile of Pesticidal Poisoning Cases in Tertiary Care Center

Authors

  • Binus Bhandari Department of Forensic Medicine, Nepalgunj Medical College & Teaching Hospital Kohalpur, Banke, Nepal
  • Prem Saxena Department of Forensic Medicine, Nepalgunj Medical College & Teaching Hospital Kohalpur, Banke, Nepal
  • Dipendra Khadka Department of Forensic Medicine, Nepalgunj Medical College & Teaching Hospital Kohalpur, Banke, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jngmc.v16i2.24880

Keywords:

Organophosphorous, pesticides, poisoning, socio-demographic profile, tertiary care center

Abstract

Introduction: The pesticide poisoning is a common medical emergency and leads to increase morbidity and mortality rate in developing countries due to easy accessibility and low cost. The study was conducted to study the socio-demographic profile of poisoning case to understand the possible factors responsible for poisoning episodes.

Method: A hospital based descriptive crosssectionalstudy was carried out in Nepalgunj Medical College, Teaching Hospital, Kohalpur, a tertiary care center, conducted for period of six months from October 2017 to March 2018. The socio-demographic profile of all cases of pesticidal poisoning attended in emergency department or admitted in medical ward were collected on a suitably designed pre- structured proforma and analyzed.

Results: Total 164 patients were enrolled in the study. Majority were fallen in the age group of 20-30 years with female 76.80% dominating the male 23.20%. Married couples (74.40%) were found to be more affected and house wife was more vulnerable group 42.10%. Incidence of poisoning was more common in joint family as compare to nuclear family 81.10% versus 18.90%. Organophosphorous was most common pesticides 42.70% and suicide was main manner of poisoning. Quarrel with spouse was main reason in majority 23.80% and most of events were held at evening 69.50%.

Conclusion: Pesticide poisoning was common in developing countries. More emphasis should be given on preventive measures and safety practices among the population for prevention and reduction of the pesticide poisoning.

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Published

2018-12-31

How to Cite

Bhandari, B., Saxena, P., & Khadka, D. (2018). Study of Socio-Demographic Profile of Pesticidal Poisoning Cases in Tertiary Care Center. Journal of Nepalgunj Medical College, 16(2), 54–57. https://doi.org/10.3126/jngmc.v16i2.24880

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Section

Original Articles