Visceral Leishmaniasis (Kala-azar) in Nepalgunj Medical College

Authors

  • Shyam Kumar B.K. Department of Medicine, Nepalgunj Medical College & Teaching Hospital, Kohalpur, Banke, Nepal
  • S. D. Bassi Department of Medicine, Nepalgunj Medical College & Teaching Hospital, Kohalpur, Banke, Nepal
  • S. Baral Department of Medicine, Nepalgunj Medical College & Teaching Hospital, Kohalpur, Banke, Nepal
  • A. Shah Department of Medicine, Nepalgunj Medical College & Teaching Hospital, Kohalpur, Banke, Nepal
  • A. Dhakal Department of Medicine, Nepalgunj Medical College & Teaching Hospital, Kohalpur, Banke, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jngmc.v16i2.24887

Keywords:

Epidemiology, leishmaniasis, sandfly, kala-azar

Abstract

Background: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) or Kala-azar is a potentially fatal vector-borne (sand fly phlebotomies spp) zoonotic disease caused by a protozoan parasite, Leishmaniadonovani. Kala-azar remains a public health problem in Nepal. The patient presented with a history of high-grade fever, abdominal distension, anemia, and weight loss. The disease is preventable, but various environmental, socioeconomic, health care and health behavior related variables affect its transmission.

Objective: Find out the incidence of Kala-azar infection in Nepalgunj medical college.

Method: This Hospital based study. Data was collected from April 2018to August 2018. Blood sample collected and test rk39 performed in laboratory of Nepalgunj Medical College Kohalpur.

Result: Among 75 patients 16 were diagnosed kala-azar, rk39 positive 14 males and 2 females respectively. It is 12% of total cases. Among 16cases male are 14 and 2 are females. 85.7% male and 12.3% female. Age group between 15-30 years (31.25%), 31-45 years (25%), 46-60 years(18.75%), 61-75 years (12.5%), 76-85 years (12.5%). young people's age group 15-30 years are commonly infected.

Conclusion: Visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) cases are still major health problem in Nepal. There should be regular surveillance research work to be carried out in both epidemic and non-epidemic districts of the country. Mass public health education, to make the people aware about preventive aspects of the disease is important.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
254
pdf
196

Downloads

Published

2018-12-31

How to Cite

B.K., S. K., Bassi, S. D., Baral, S., Shah, A., & Dhakal, A. (2018). Visceral Leishmaniasis (Kala-azar) in Nepalgunj Medical College. Journal of Nepalgunj Medical College, 16(2), 66–68. https://doi.org/10.3126/jngmc.v16i2.24887

Issue

Section

Original Articles