Socio-demographic Characteristics and Psychosocial Stressors in the Children and Adolescents with Somatoform Disorders

Authors

  • Rekha K. Jalan Clinical Psychology Department of Psychiatry Nepalgunj Medical College & Teaching Hospital Kohalpur, Banke
  • Jyoti Adhikari Department of Psychiatry Nepalgunj Medical College & Teaching Hospital Kohalpur, Banke
  • Mohan Belbase Department of Psychiatry Nepalgunj Medical College & Teaching Hospital Kohalpur, Banke

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jngmc.v17i1.25315

Keywords:

Conversion Disorder, Psychosocial Stressors, Socio-demographic characteristics, Somatoform disorder

Abstract

Introduction: Somatoform disorders are characterized by physical symptoms that suggest a medical condition, and which are not fully explainable by general medical condition, or by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder.

Objectives: to study the socio-demographic characteristics and psychosocial stressors in children and adolescents with somatoform disorders.

Methods: From 1st January, 2018 to 30th  June 2018, Children and adolescents from 3 to 18 years of age with unexplained physical st thsymptoms were evaluated using DSM – IV criteria. Detailed evaluation followed for those meeting inclusion criteria.

Results: Among 65 patients (18, 27.69% boys and 47, 72.31% girls) meeting inclusion criteria, conversion disorder was the most common (37, 56.92%), followed by undifferentiated somatoform disorder (15, 23.08%). Girls were significantly more represented among conversion disorder patients compared to other groups of somatoform disorders (68.08% vs. 27.78%, X2 =8.63, p<0.01) Stressors 2 were identified in 95% and acute precipitating stressors were present in 75% patients. Both the boys and girls had significantly higher rates of academic problems. Boys found to have social and environmental problems while girls had problems in primary support group.

Conclusion: Somatoform disorder, particularly conversion disorder is more common and it is found more in girls. Academic problems, poor interpersonal relations and conflict in the family are the important psychosocial stressors.

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Author Biography

Rekha K. Jalan, Clinical Psychology Department of Psychiatry Nepalgunj Medical College & Teaching Hospital Kohalpur, Banke

Assistant Professor 

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Published

2019-08-22

How to Cite

Jalan, R. K., Adhikari, J., & Belbase, M. (2019). Socio-demographic Characteristics and Psychosocial Stressors in the Children and Adolescents with Somatoform Disorders. Journal of Nepalgunj Medical College, 17(1), 43–46. https://doi.org/10.3126/jngmc.v17i1.25315

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Section

Original Articles