Socio-demographic Characteristics and Psychosocial Stressors in the Children and Adolescents with Somatoform Disorders
Keywords:Conversion Disorder, Psychosocial Stressors, Socio-demographic characteristics, Somatoform disorder
Introduction: Somatoform disorders are characterized by physical symptoms that suggest a medical condition, and which are not fully explainable by general medical condition, or by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder.
Objectives: to study the socio-demographic characteristics and psychosocial stressors in children and adolescents with somatoform disorders.
Methods: From 1st January, 2018 to 30th June 2018, Children and adolescents from 3 to 18 years of age with unexplained physical st thsymptoms were evaluated using DSM – IV criteria. Detailed evaluation followed for those meeting inclusion criteria.
Results: Among 65 patients (18, 27.69% boys and 47, 72.31% girls) meeting inclusion criteria, conversion disorder was the most common (37, 56.92%), followed by undifferentiated somatoform disorder (15, 23.08%). Girls were significantly more represented among conversion disorder patients compared to other groups of somatoform disorders (68.08% vs. 27.78%, X2 =8.63, p<0.01) Stressors 2 were identified in 95% and acute precipitating stressors were present in 75% patients. Both the boys and girls had significantly higher rates of academic problems. Boys found to have social and environmental problems while girls had problems in primary support group.
Conclusion: Somatoform disorder, particularly conversion disorder is more common and it is found more in girls. Academic problems, poor interpersonal relations and conflict in the family are the important psychosocial stressors.
How to Cite
- Attribution - You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any resonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
- Non Commercial- The materials cannot be used for commercial purposes.
- No Derivatives- If the material is remixed or transformed or built upon, the modified material cannot be distributed.