Container Preference of the Asian Tiger Mosquito (Aedes albopictus) in Kathmandu and Lalitpur Districts of Nepal

Authors

  • Ishan Gautam Natural History Museum, Tribhuvan University, Swayambhu, Kathmandu
  • Aradhana KC Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu
  • R Tuladhar Central Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu
  • Basu Dev Pandey Everest International Clinic and Research Center, Kathmandu
  • Anand Shova Tamrakar Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu
  • Reena Byanju Patan Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University, Lalitpur
  • Meghnath Dhimal Nepal Health Research Council, Ramshahpath, Kathmandu
  • Krishna Aryal Nepal Health Research Council, Ramshahpath, Kathmandu
  • Ulrich Kuch Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), Frankfurt am Main

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jnhm.v26i0.14142

Keywords:

Aedes albopictus, breeding preference ratio, Nepal, season

Abstract

In various countries the Asian Tiger Mosquito (Aedes albopictus) is a known vector of dengue and chikungunya viruses and other pathogens, but its ecology and role in disease transmission in Nepal has not been studied yet. Here, we report on an investigation of the seasonal distribution of potential artificial breeding habitats of A. albopictus in urban areas of the Kathmandu and Lalitpur districts of Nepal. Larval collections were performed from April 2009 to March 2010 simultaneously in all the wet containers present in and around the houses of the study areas. Altogether 1873 water containers in Kathmandu district and 1807 in Lalitpur district were searched in 12 months, out of which 107 (5.7%) and 129 (7.1%), respectively, were found positive for A. albopictus breeding. Within the urban agglomeration of both districts, the breeding was found to vary between localities. Immature stages of A. albopictus were recorded in pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon seasons as 1.9%, 6.7% and 5.6%, respectively, in wet containers in Kathmandu district. In Lalitpur district, A. albopictus larvae were detected in 4.6%, 7.6% and 7.1% of the wet containers in the pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon, respectively. The breeding preference ratio during all seasons was highest for discarded tires lying outdoors in both Kathmandu and Lalitpur districts. Among nine container types searched and examined, 95% of discarded tires were found positive for A. albopictus larvae and pupae, followed by metal drums (2%) and plastic drums (1.25%). Continued and increased urbanization and vehicle movement in Kathmandu and Lalitpur districts have resulted in increased amounts of non-biodegradable containers such as tires around human dwellings, thereby creating ideal breeding habitats for A. albopictus.

J. Nat. Hist. Mus. Vol. 26, 2012: 181-193

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Published

2015-12-17

How to Cite

Gautam, I., KC, A., Tuladhar, R., Pandey, B. D., Tamrakar, A. S., Byanju, R., Dhimal, M., Aryal, K., & Kuch, U. (2015). Container Preference of the Asian Tiger Mosquito (Aedes albopictus) in Kathmandu and Lalitpur Districts of Nepal. Journal of Natural History Museum, 26, 181–193. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnhm.v26i0.14142

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