Prevalence and Identification of Coccidian Parasite (Eimeria Spp) in Layer Chicken of Ratnanagar Municipality, Chitwan District, Nepal

  • Arjun Adhikari Food Quarantine Laboratory, Birganj
  • Ranjana Gupta 2Central Department of Zoology, T.U. Kirtipur, Kathmandu
  • Ganesh Raj Pant Officer;
Keywords: Coccidiosis, Eimeria, infection, layers, percentage, summer, spring

Abstract

Five different species of Eimeria viz. E. acervulina, E. maxima, E. necatrix, E. tenella and E. brunetti were identified. The highest percentage (50%) was found with mixed infection. Specieswise infection with E. tenella was recorded in the present study. Monthwise highest prevalence rate (50%) was observed in March and the lowest (10%) in the months of April and September. Seasonwise prevalence showed the highest prevalence rate (33%) in the summer and spring, and the least (14%) in the autumn. The agewise prevalence was the highest (48%) in the 31-45 days age group and the least (6%) in 0-15 days age group of layers. The coccidiosis was found highly prevalence in mud/mud+brick type floor than in concrete type floor farms.

Key words: Coccidiosis; Eimeria; infection; layers; percentage; summer; spring

Journal of Natural History Museum Vol. 23, 2008 Page 45-50

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Author Biographies

Arjun Adhikari, Food Quarantine Laboratory, Birganj
Officer; Food Quarantine Laboratory, Birganj
Ranjana Gupta, 2Central Department of Zoology, T.U. Kirtipur, Kathmandu
Professor; Central Department of Zoology, T.U. Kirtipur, Kathmandu
Ganesh Raj Pant, Officer;
Professor, 3Central Veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor, Kathmandu
Published
2009-06-04
How to Cite
Adhikari, A., Gupta, R., & Pant, G. (2009). Prevalence and Identification of Coccidian Parasite (Eimeria Spp) in Layer Chicken of Ratnanagar Municipality, Chitwan District, Nepal. Journal of Natural History Museum, 23, 45-50. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnhm.v23i0.1838
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Articles