Assessment of non timber forest products in Baghmara Buffer Zone Community Forest, Chitwan, Nepal

  • Udisha Danekhu Goldengate International College, Battisputali, Kathmandu
  • Rajeswar Shrestha Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu
  • Sanu Raja Maharjan Goldengate International College, Battisputali, Kathmandu
Keywords: resource assessment, ecological parameters, inventory, use categories, matrix preference ranking

Abstract

Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) are the forest products except timber used for various purposes from which economic status of the country can be increased through green growth based economy. The study was conducted in Baghmara Buffer Zone Community Forest for the inventory, to document various uses and find out the preferred NTFPs potential for economic development of Community Forest User Groups. Stratified random sampling was applied in which 50 quadrats of size 25m×20m for trees, 100 subplots of 10m×10m for shrubs and 200 small subplots of 1m×1msize for herbs and climbers were taken. Parameters like density, frequency, abundance, importance value index, diversity index, evenness index and dominance index were calculated to find out the ecological status of NTFPs. Questionnaire survey of 100 households was done for studying different uses and interview with 10 key informants were carried out to identify 10 most preferred NTFPs. Altogether, 109 NTFPs were enumerated. Trewia nudiflora, Clerodendrum viscosum, Imperatacylindrica and Mikania micrantha were dominant tree, shrub, and herb and climber species accordingto Importance value Index (IVI). There is significant difference in density of trees, shrubs, herbs and climbers between different sample quadrats i.e. p value < 0.05. NTFPs found were used for medicine, fodder, food, veterinary, dying, handicrafts, crop management, ornamental, insecticides, construction, beverage, piscicidal, religious and miscellaneous purposes. Calamus tenuis, Curcumalonga, Piper longum, Phyllanthus emblica, Asparagus racemosus, Terminalia bellirica, Terminaliachebula, Bauhinia variegata, Tinospora sinensis and Dryopteris cochleata were ten most preferred Non Timber Forest Products from matrix preference ranking.

Abstract
0
pdf
0

References

ARKIN, H R; COLTON, R (1963) Tables for statisticians. Barnes & Noble, New York, USA.

BBZCF (2013) Operational plan. Baghmara Buffer Zone Community Forest, Mrigakunj Users Group, Bachhauli, Chitwan, Nepal.

CHHETRI, U J (1997) Vegetation analysis and natural regeneration status of a protected Terai mixed sal (Shorea robusta) forest (Chitwan National Park). M. Sc. dissertation, Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.

FAO (1995) Non-wood forest products for rural income and sustainable forestry. NWFPs, Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome, Italy.

FAO (1999). FAO forestry - Towards a harmonised definition of non-wood forest products. Available at http://www.fao.org/docrep/x2450e/x2450e0d.htm.

KESHARI, V P (2007) Promotion and trade of tropical NTFPs in central Terai of Nepal. Available at http://www.forestrynepal.org/images/Promotion%20and%20Trade%20of%20Tropical%20NTFPs%20in%20

Central%20Terai%20of%20Nepal.pdf.

KHANAL, L M (2006) Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) use in two villages in Lumbini zone of Nepal, M. Sc. Dissertation, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria.

MAGAR, D B (2008) Contribution of non-timber forest products in the livelihood of Chepang community. A final report submitted to Social Inclusion Research Fund, SNV, Lalitpur, Nepal.

MFSC (2004) Community forestry inventory guideline (Revised). Community Forestry Division, Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation (MFSC), Kathmandu, Nepal.

MFSC (2007) Jaributikheti Prasar Pustika. Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation (MFSC), Department of Forests, Babarmahal, Kathmandu, Nepal (in Nepali).

MISHRA, R (1968) Ecology workbook. Oxford & IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi, India.

OJHA, H R; SUBEDI, B P ; DANGAL, S P; (2003) Management of non-timber forest products: Recent innovations in resource assessment and sustainable harvesting. The Nepal Journal of Forestry XII (2): 55–65.

PRESS, J R; SHRESTHA, K K; SUTTON, D A (2000) Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal. The Natural History Museum, London, UK.

PRESTON, F W (1948) The commonness and rarity of species. Ecology 29(3): 254–283.

SHARMA, B K; CHALISE, M K; SOLANKI, G S (2012) Vegetation types and wildlife occurrence in Baghmara Buffer Zone Community Forest. International Multidisciplinary Research Journal 2: 52–65.

SHRESTHA, T B; JOSHI, R M (1996) Rare, endemic and endangered plants of Nepal. WWF Nepal Program, Kathmandu, Nepal.

THAKUR, R B (2005) Assessment of non timber forest products for enterprise development (a case study from government managed forest of hosrandi and uram Pokhara VDCs of Parvat district). B.Sc. thesis, Institute of Forestry, Tribhuvan University, Pokhara, Nepal.

Published
2018-12-01
How to Cite
Danekhu, U., Shrestha, R., & Maharjan, S. (2018). Assessment of non timber forest products in Baghmara Buffer Zone Community Forest, Chitwan, Nepal. Journal of Natural History Museum, 30, 209-220. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnhm.v30i0.27563
Section
Articles