Empirical Models for the Evaluation of Global Solar Radiation in the Different Sites of Nepal

  • B. P. Pant Department of Physics, St. Xavier’s College, Maitighar, Kathmandu
  • K. N. Poudyal Central Department of Physics, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu
  • B. Acharya St.Xavier’s College Maitighar, Kathmandu
  • B. Budha St.Xavier’s College Maitighar, Kathmandu
Keywords: Empirical models, Global solar radiation, Regression constants, statistical error, Sunshine hour


To operate many phenomenon’s on the earth surface such as physical, chemical and biological process solar radiation plays vital role. A common practice is to estimate average daily global solar radiation (GSR) using appropriate empirical models for the areas lacking the actual measured values. In this context several single and multiple meteorological parameters were selected to estimate the GSR for Jumla, Nepalgunj and Kathmandu. In order to validate the selected models various statistical test were employed. The selected models were compared on the basis of statistical errors. In the statistical analysis the value of root mean square error (RMSE) and coefficient o determination R2 is found to, 0.26 and 0.98, 0.96, 0.96 respectively for Jumla, Nepalgunj and Kathmandu in Samuel model. These values were comparatively better than other models. It is concluded that Samuel model (order three) is the best among the used models. The established result uncover that there is a good possibility of solar energy as a alternative energy source in Nepal.


Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite
Pant, B., Poudyal, K., Acharya, B., & Budha, B. (2019). Empirical Models for the Evaluation of Global Solar Radiation in the Different Sites of Nepal. Journal of Nepal Physical Society, 5(1), 67-73. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnphyssoc.v5i1.26933