Study of Clearness Index of Atmosphere over Eastern City of Nepal, Biratnagar

Authors

  • Prakash M. Shrestha Department of Physics, Patan Multiple Campus, IoST, T. U., Nepal
  • Usha Joshi Department of Physics, Patan Multiple Campus, IoST, T. U., Nepal
  • Narayan P. Chapagain Department of Physics, Amrit Campus, IOST, T.U., Nepal
  • Indra B. Karki Department of Physics, Patan Multiple Campus, IoST, T. U., Nepal
  • Khem N. Poudyal Department of Physics, Pulchowk Engineering Campus, IOE, T.U., Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jnphyssoc.v7i3.42703

Keywords:

clear and cloudy day, clearness index, meteorological parameter, visibility, Global solar radiation

Abstract

Solar radiation data are of great significance for energy harvesting. This paper’s main objective is to study clearness index of atmosphere over Biratnagar (latitude: 26.45° N, longitude: 87.27° E, altitude: 72 m a. s. l.), an eastern city of Nepal. Daily global solar radiation data are derived by using CMP6 pyranometer for one year period (2015). The monthly, annual and seasonal variations of global solar radiation, clearness index and visibility were analyzed. The annual average of global solar radiation (GSR), clearness index (KT) and visibility indices are found to be 11.37 ± 3.76 MJ/m2 /day, 0.37 ± 0.15 and 7.06 ± 5.56 km are respectively. In the study period, number of clear days (KT >0.65) and number of cloudy days (KT <0.34) are found to be 26 and 172 respectively. Study of clearness index of atmosphere and its dependence on meteorological parameters (such as maximum temperature, minimum temperature, rainfall, relative humidity, total ozone column and dew point) are used on agriculture, hydrology, and climate change. Finding of GSR and visibility helps for energy harvesting and aviation.

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Shrestha, P. M., Joshi, . U., Chapagain, N. P., Karki, I. B., & Poudyal, K. N. (2021). Study of Clearness Index of Atmosphere over Eastern City of Nepal, Biratnagar. Journal of Nepal Physical Society, 7(3), 6–13. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnphyssoc.v7i3.42703