Implementation of Error Correction on IBM Quantum Computing Devices

Authors

  • Sangat Sharma Central Department of Physics, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Suresh Basnet Central Department of Physics, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Raju Khanal Central Department of Physics, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jnphyssoc.v8i1.48278

Keywords:

Bit-flip error, phase-flip error, quantum circuit, quantum gates, qubits

Abstract

Quantum noise cannot be avoided in the quantum computing devices due to unstable nature of qubits and signals. The error caused by quantum noise can be detected and corrected using different error correcting codes. In this work, we have tested the feasibility and accuracy of three qubit bit flip and phase flip error correcting code in quantum computer provided by International Business Machine Quantum Experience (IBM QX) cloud platform. Among five quantum processors, ibmq_ourense is found to have highest average accuracy 77.9% ± 3.09% on all qubits simultaneously. Three qubits bit flip error correction circuit gave correct output 89.9% ± 1.01% of the time on average. Similarly three qubits phase flip error correction circuit give 88.05% ±1.89%. The measurement error mitigation has improved the accuracy of bit flip and phase flip error correction code by 5.01% and 7.01% respectively on average. The error rate shows that the error in quantum computations are random in nature and can be corrected. IBM QX quantum computer are suitable for only small scale quantum computation and demonstrate purpose. Furthermore, the accuracy of error correction codes can be increased with the use of higher accuracy quantum qubits and quantum gates.

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Published

2022-12-13

How to Cite

Sharma, S., Basnet, S., & Khanal, R. (2022). Implementation of Error Correction on IBM Quantum Computing Devices. Journal of Nepal Physical Society, 8(1), 7–15. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnphyssoc.v8i1.48278