Focus and Scope

INTRODUCTION
Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences (JPAHS) an official, internationally peer reviewed health science journal of the Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS). It is published twice a year. Articles categories include but not limited to: Original Article, Review Article, Case Report, Viewpoint, Medical education, Rural health, Student Section, Nursing section and Letter to the Editor and others.

The aim of JPAHS is to increase the visibility and ease of use of open access scientific and scholarly articles thereby promoting their increased usage and impact. Hence, JPAHS grant the permission to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles which is available online (www.jpahs.com.np) freely. Authors do not have to pay for submission, processing or publication of articles in JPAHS.

SCOPE OF THE JOURNAL
The journal publishes articles related to researches done in the field of biomedical sciences related to all the discipline of the medical sciences, medical education, public health, health policy, health care management, including ethical and social issues pertaining to health. The journal gives preference to good quality research papers with new findings, clinically oriented studies over experimental and animal studies. JPAHS give special attention to the articles providing immediate impact to the health and policy will get preferences through fast track review, as well. The Journal would publish peer-reviewed original research papers, case reports, systematic reviews and meta-analysis. Editorial, Guest Editorial, Viewpoint, letter to the editor are solicited by the editorial board.

Peer Review Process

The manuscripts will be reviewed for possible publication with the understanding that they are being submitted to JPAHS and have not been published, simultaneously submitted, or already accepted for publication elsewhere.

The Editors review all submitted manuscripts initially. Manuscripts with insufficient originality, serious scientific and technical flaws, or lack of a significant message are rejected or if good
article are written poorly then author are requested to re-submit after the revision according to JPAHS format. All manuscripts received are duly acknowledged. Manuscripts are sent to two or more expert reviewers without revealing the identity of the contributors to the reviewers. Each manuscript is meticulously reviewed by the JPAHS editor based on the comments from the reviewers and takes a final decision on the manuscript. The contributors will be informed about the reviewers' comments and acceptance/rejection of manuscript.

Articles accepted would be copy edited for grammar, punctuation, print style, and format. Page proofs will be sent to the corresponding author, which has to be returned within three days. Non response to proof copy may delay the publication of the same article or may even get rejected from the journal.

Publication Frequency

The Journal is published twice a year.

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Editorial Board

Editor in chief
Prof. Dr. Jay N Shah
Patan Hospital (PH)
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)
Nepal Association of Medical Editors (NAME)

Managing Editor
Dr. Ashis Shrestha
Patan Hospital (PH)
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)
Nepal

Executive Editors
Dr. Amit Joshi
Shree Birendra Hospital
Nepal Army Institute of Health Sciences (NAIHS)

Dr. Angel Magar
Nepal Association of Medical Editors (NAME)

Dr. Arun Neopane
Nepal Army Institute of Health Sciences (NAIHS)
Nepal Association of Medical Editors (NAME)

Dr. Ganesh Dangal
Kathmandu Hospital
Nepal Association of Medical Editors (NAME)

Dr. Nabees Man Singh Pradhan
Patan Hospital (PH)
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Ram Krishna Dulal
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Sumana Bajracharya
Patan Hospital (PH)
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Editors

Dr. Alka Singh
Patan Hospital (PH)
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Arbin Joshi
Patan Hospital (PH)
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Mrs. Ira Shrestha
Patan Hospital (PH)
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Nabin Rayamajhi
Patan Hospital (PH)
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Pukar Maskey
Patan Hospital (PH)
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Sr. Rachana Shakya
Patan Hospital (PH)
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Ranjan Devbhandari
Patan Hospital (PH)
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Mr. Shital Bhandary
Patan Hospital (PH)
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Vivek Todi
Patan Hospital (PH)
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Advisory Editors
Dr. Ajit Raymajhi
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Buddha Basnyat
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Buddhi Poudyal
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Imran Ansari
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Kedar Baral
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Paban Sharma
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Ravi Shakya
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Shrijana Shrestha
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Dr. Sitaram Shrestha
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Support Editors

Calvin Ghimire
Medical Student
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Carmina Shrestha
Medical Student
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Jashmin Joshi
Medical Student
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Jeetendra Bhandari
Medical Student
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Rakshya Sharma
Medical Student
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Roja Khanal
Medical Student
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

International Editors

Dr. Allister Appelby - US

Dr. Bai-yong Shen
Ruijin Hospital
Shanhai Jiaotong University
China

Dr. Bingya LIU
Ruijin Hospital
Shanhai Jiaotong University
China

Dr. Birendra Prashad Shah
Non Resident Nepali
Ruijin Hospital
Shanhai Jiaotong University
China

Dr. Chanchai Panthingwiriyakul - Thailand

Dr. Darren Nichols
University of Alberta
Canada

Dr. Ding Jian Qing
School of Medicine
Shanghai Jiaotong University
China

Dr. Dominic Allen - Canada

Dr. Fortunato Cristobal - Phillipines

Dr. Francisco Lamus Lemus - Colombia

Dr. Fredrik Theodoor Bosman - Netherlands

Dr. Ganesh Acharya - Norway, NRN

Dr. Hue Morgan - Canada

Dr. John F Smith - New Zealand

Dr. Juliana Linnette D’Sa - India

Dr. Karl Stobbe
McMaster University
Canada

Dr. Kim Solez
University of Alberta
Canada

Dr. Minhua Zheng
School of Medicine
Shanghai Jiaotong University
China

Dr. Pattapung Kessomboon
KK University
Thailand

Dr. Paul S. Auerbach - US

Dr. Peng Cheng-hong
School of Medicine
Shanghai Jiaotong University
China

Dr. Pierre Echaubard - France

Dr. Sanjayzopdpey - India

Dr. Supat Sinawat - Thailand

Dr. Surapoi Virasiri - Thailand

Dr. S.V Mahadevan - US

Dr. Shafik Dharmisi - India

Dr. Yin Lu – China
Prof. Yukimfumi Nawa
Yangpu Hospital
Shanghai Tongji University
Yukimfumi Nawa
Japan

Dr. Zhoujun SHEN
School of Medicine
Shanghai Jiaotong University
China

Editorial Support
Mrs. Archana Shrestha
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Miss Sushila Rai
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)

Online support
Mr. Pramod Jnawali
Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS)