Psychiatric co-morbidity in chronic migraine Patients: A hospital based study

Authors

  • U Gupta Asst. Prof., Department of psychiatry, UCMS, Bhairahawa
  • TK Aich Professor, Department of psychiatry, UCMS, Bhairahawa
  • AK Verma Asst. Prof. JMC, Janakpur

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v3i1.11345

Keywords:

Migraine Headache, Comorbidity, Depression, Anxiety

Abstract

Aim and Objectives: To study the socio-demographic and clinical profile of patients with chronic migraine headache, and to study the frequency and pattern of co-morbid psychiatric illnesses amongst these patients.

Methodology: The study was done at the headache clinic in the Department of Psychiatry at Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal. All out-patients attending our clinic over a period of three months and aged between 15 to 55 years with a diagnosis of chronic migraine headache were included in the present study. Demographic and clinical profiles of these patients were noted in a specially designed socio-demographic and clinical data sheets prepared for the present study. Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN) was used as diagnostic instrument; Hamilton Rating Scales for Anxiety & Depression (HAM-A, HAM-D) were used to rate the severity of Anxiety and Depressive symptoms. Simple statistical procedures like frequency, percentages, ‘t’-tests and chi-square tests were used for analysis of data thus obtained.

Results: A total no of 48 cases of chronic migraine were included in the present study. Forty one cases (85.4%) were female and rest 7 patients were male. Comorbid psychiatric illness was present in thirty one (64.6%) cases among which Anxiety was the most common diagnosis (35.4%) followed by depressive disorders (29.2%).

Conclusion: chronic migraine headache has high rate of co-morbid mood and anxiety disorder. Effective treatment of chronic migraine headache requires screening and accurately diagnosing specific psychiatric disorders when present.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v3i1.11345

J Psychiatrists’ Association of Nepal Vol .3, No.1, 2014: 3-9

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Published

2014-10-29

How to Cite

Gupta, U., Aich, T., & Verma, A. (2014). Psychiatric co-morbidity in chronic migraine Patients: A hospital based study. Journal of Psychiatrists’ Association of Nepal, 3(1), 3–9. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v3i1.11345

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Original Articles