Patterns of Psychiatric Illness over 3 years: A single Centre Inpatient Study From Nepal

Authors

  • S Dhungana Department of Psychiatry, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital Kathmandu
  • M Chapagai Department of Psychiatry, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital Kathmandu
  • P Tulachan Department of Psychiatry, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital Kathmandu
  • S P Ojha

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v3i2.12382

Keywords:

Psychiatry inpatients, Pattern of illness, Socio-demographic profile

Abstract

Introduction: Inpatient psychiatric patients are a major group of our treatment domain and they are different from outpatients in certain characteristics. In this study, we assessed the patterns of psychiatric illnesses along with socio-demographic variables in patients admitted in a psychiatry ward of a tertiary hospital over three consecutive years.

Methods: This is a retrospective review of all patients admitted in psychiatry ward Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital over a three year period between 2067 Baisakh to 2069 Chaitra (2010 April to 2013 April) by reviewing in-patient admission charts from medical records section of the hospital. Descriptive analysis was done by using SPSS version 19; Chicago, IL, with p value of <0.05 being considered statistically significant.  

Results: There were a total of 881 patients admitted in the psychiatry ward during the study period (281 patients in 2067, 303 in 2068 and 297 in 2069). Patients in the age group of 20-30 years comprised the majority (n=295; 33.5%) of the total population followed by age group 10-20 years (n=239; 27.1%). Males constituted 50.3% of the total patients. Most of the patients belonged to the central developmental region (n=580; 65.8%). Brahmins comprised the majority (n=374; 42.5%) and 98.8% of the patients were Hindus. The most common diagnosis was schizophrenia and related disorders (25.5%) followed by acute and transient psychotic disorders, ATPD (14.4%). Majority of the patients (n=422; 47.9%) had hospital stay duration of 7-14 days. About 98% of patients were discharged with no cases of mortality over three years studied. Overall trend in those three years was similar except for ethnicity, diagnosis, and duration of stay (p≤0.001).

Conclusion: We conclude that schizophrenia and related disorders were the most common diagnosis and 20- 30 years age group was the most commonly afflicted age- group among psychiatry inpatients. This adds insight to our understanding of predominant psychiatric illness in inpatients and how they differ from outpatients aiding in scaling of services in inpatients.

J Psychiatric Association of Nepal Vol .3, No.2, 2014, pp:15-19

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v3i2.12382

 

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Author Biographies

S Dhungana, Department of Psychiatry, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital Kathmandu

Teaching Assistant

M Chapagai, Department of Psychiatry, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital Kathmandu

Associte Professor

P Tulachan, Department of Psychiatry, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital Kathmandu

Lecturer

S P Ojha

Associte Professor

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Published

2015-04-01

How to Cite

Dhungana, S., Chapagai, M., Tulachan, P., & Ojha, S. P. (2015). Patterns of Psychiatric Illness over 3 years: A single Centre Inpatient Study From Nepal. Journal of Psychiatrists’ Association of Nepal, 3(2), 15–19. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v3i2.12382

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Section

Original Articles