Hazing victimization and its psychological consequences on undergraduate newcomer medical students

Authors

  • S Sawant National Medical College, Birgunj, Nepal
  • U Karki National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, India And Ex-Lecturer, NMC-TH, Birgunj
  • AR Bhandari Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lagankhel, Lalitpur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v8i1.26332

Keywords:

Hazing, Psychological Consequences, Newcomers, Medical students

Abstract

 Introduction: Hazing is a form of mistreatment received by the newcomers in a group which may have negative psychological consequences. The objectives of the study were a) exploring victimization of hazing in newcomer undergraduate medical students, b) determine the pattern of hazing with its psychological consequences and c) explore undergraduate students’ ways of coping.

Material And Method: It was a Cross-sectional study and a purposive sampling method was used. The total numbers of participants were 88. Data were collected in the third week of the session (January 2017). Instruments used were self-developed semi-structured questionnaire, General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) and Ways of Coping Scale.

Results: Study revealed that newcomer medical students were hazed by their seniors in a group as well as individually. Hazing would last for less than one hour to more than two hours at a time and it was repeated more than four times a day. Dress code, an introduction of oneself, playing a fool, verbal abuse and sexual activities were the common types of hazing. Male students were victimized harsh than female and were also found more as caseness on the General Health Questionnaire and rated high on Depressive Anxiety Stress Scale. Commonly used ways of coping by newcomers were social support, positive reappraisal, self-controlling, distancing and accepting responsibility.

Conclusion: Students had very little or no control over hazing and as a result they experienced a high level of psychological distress which can have a significant impact on their mental health.

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Author Biographies

S Sawant, National Medical College, Birgunj, Nepal

Lecturer, Department of Psychiatry

U Karki, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, India And Ex-Lecturer, NMC-TH, Birgunj

Senior Resident, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

AR Bhandari, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lagankhel, Lalitpur, Nepal

Lecturer, Department of Psychiatry

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Published

2019-11-14

How to Cite

Sawant, S., Karki, U., & Bhandari, A. (2019). Hazing victimization and its psychological consequences on undergraduate newcomer medical students. Journal of Psychiatrists’ Association of Nepal, 8(1), 22–27. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v8i1.26332

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Section

Original Articles