Cross-Cultural Adaptation of “Healthy Habits” To Address Mental Health Needs

Authors

  • D Berman Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio 45420 USA
  • SB Adhikari Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, Columbus, Ohio 43215 USA
  • I Bisha Kanti Children’s Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • S Sharma Seattle, Washington 98101 USA
  • B Sharma Mental Health Promotion and Suicide Prevention Center, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v9i2.36289

Keywords:

Global mental health, cross-cultural adaptations, psychoeducational instruments, Nepal

Abstract

Introduction: Enhancing wellbeing and lessening emotional distress are especially important in developing nations like Nepal that have limited mental health resources or where there is resistance to formal treatment. This is even more so the case during times of crisis. The goal of this project was to create a cross-cultural adaptation of a psychoeducational instrument, Healthy Habits of Emotional Wellbeing.

Material and Method: Using World Health Organization guidelines for translations, we created a cross cultural adaptation of Healthy Habits of Emotional Wellbeing into the Nepali language. The instrument was translated from English to Nepali, extensively reviewed and modified by a bilingual panel, back-translated, and field testing with 10 Nepali citizens.

Results: The adaptation, as tested with individuals representing Nepal’s rural and urban settings, appears to be a culturally sensitive and linguistically appropriate psychoeducational tool that can be used in medical and social settings, widely disseminated, and posted online.

Conclusion: Psychoeducational self-help tools such as Healthy Habits may be especially helpful during times of crisis, when mental health resources are limited, not accessible, or not accessed due to prevailing stigma. It may also be appropriate for disaster preparedness, management, and recovery use in an effective and cost efficient manner.

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Author Biographies

D Berman, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio 45420 USA

Adjunct Faculty, Department of Population and Public Health Sciences

SB Adhikari, Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, Columbus, Ohio 43215 USA

Behavioral Heath Administrator

I Bisha, Kanti Children’s Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal

Psychologist

B Sharma, Mental Health Promotion and Suicide Prevention Center, Kathmandu, Nepal

Vice-President

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Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Berman, D., Adhikari, S., Bisha, I., Sharma, S., & Sharma, B. (2020). Cross-Cultural Adaptation of “Healthy Habits” To Address Mental Health Needs. Journal of Psychiatrists’ Association of Nepal, 9(2), 77–81. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v9i2.36289

Issue

Section

Brief Research Communication