Utilization of EEG in A Teaching Hospital: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study

Authors

  • Reet Poudel Department of Psychiatry, Nepalgunj Medical College, Kohalpur, Nepal
  • Tapas Kumar Aich Department of Psychiatry, BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Prabesh Panta Department of Medicine, Nepalgunj Medical College, Kohalpur, Nepal
  • Tanveer Ahmed Khan Department of Psychiatry, Nepalgunj Medical College, Nepalgunj, Nepal
  • Krishma Bhandary Department of Pediatrics, Nepalgunj Medical College, Kohalpur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v10i2.49000

Keywords:

Seizure, Epilepsy, EEC, Electroencephalography

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Electroencephalography is a safe, convenient, non-invasive, and inexpensive technique that allows assessment of cerebral function and detects physiological manifestations of abnormal cortical excitability. Published literature about its utilization and application is sparse from this part of the world.  

METHODOLOGY It is a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted in Nepalgunj Medical College, Kohalpur, Nepal. All the subjects referred for EEG evaluation from January 2019 to December 2020 (two years) were enrolled and EEG was performed. A self-designed proforma was used to record different variables and data was analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 21.0 for Windows.

RESULT Of total 246 subjects, 53.3% were male and 58.9% of the subjects were 20 years or younger by age. Maximum (35.8%) number of referrals came from the department of psychiatry. Generalized seizure discharge was the most common EEG diagnosis and presence of seizure activity was noted in 37%of patients.

CONCLUSION EEG is utilized by different specialities commonly for seizure disorder, psychiatric disorders and headaches.

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Author Biographies

Reet Poudel, Department of Psychiatry, Nepalgunj Medical College, Kohalpur, Nepal

Assistant Professor

Tapas Kumar Aich, Department of Psychiatry, BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Professor

Prabesh Panta, Department of Medicine, Nepalgunj Medical College, Kohalpur, Nepal

Lecturer

Tanveer Ahmed Khan, Department of Psychiatry, Nepalgunj Medical College, Nepalgunj, Nepal

Associate Professor

Krishma Bhandary, Department of Pediatrics, Nepalgunj Medical College, Kohalpur, Nepal

Lecturer

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Poudel, R., Aich, T. K., Panta, P., Khan, T. A., & Bhandary, K. (2021). Utilization of EEG in A Teaching Hospital: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Psychiatrists’ Association of Nepal, 10(2), 18–21. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v10i2.49000

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Section

Original Articles