Impact of brief psychological intervention on reducing the psychological symptoms after COVID-19 infection among healthcare workers (HCWs) in Nepal

Authors

  • Narmada Devkota Consultant Clinical Psychologist, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit, Kanti Children’s Hospital, and Rhythm Neuropsychiatry Hospital & Research Center Pvt.Ltd., Nepal
  • Laxmi Gurung Associate Professor, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Syanobharyang, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Prajwal Joshi Lecturer, Master in Counseling Psychology Program, TU, Nepal
  • Rocky Maharjan Lecturer, Magal Multiple College, Nepal
  • Bhupendra Gurung Consultant Clinical Psychologist, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit, Kanti Children’s Hospital, Nepal
  • Utkarsh Karki Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit, Kanti Children’s Hospital, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v12i2.63403

Keywords:

anxiety, Depression, COVID-19, brief intervention, HCWs, PTSD

Abstract

Background: Studies from various countries showed that HCWs suffered from psychological problems during the period of COVID-19 and  psychosocial intervention to address the issues was found effective. This study aimed to find out the status of depression, anxiety, stress and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among HCWs after COVID-19 infection including determining the outcome of a brief psychosocial intervention protocol in reducing the symptoms.

Methods: Group-based pretest-posttest interventional design was adopted. A total of 380 HCWs, recovered from the COVID-19 infections were selected through a purposive sampling technique. The study period was from November 2020 to January 2021. The Nepalese-translated and validated version of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale – 21(DASS-21) and Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) were used to assess the symptoms. A brief psychosocial intervention was done by a trained clinical psychologist and compared the differences in mean scores on the level of depression, anxiety, stress and PTSD symptoms before and after the intervention.

Results: This study found that about 11% HCWs had symptoms of depression, 31% had symptoms of anxiety, 3% had stress and 98.50% had symptoms of PTSD. The paired sample t-test showed a significant difference between the means for the IES-R before the intervention (M=47.94, SD=14.53) and after the intervention (M=43.63, SD=15.35); t = 5.003 and p=.000 as well as the DASS-21 mean score before (M=14.11, SD=11.74) and after (M=12.28, SD=10.81); t = 2.97 and p = .003 the intervention.

Conclusion: This study showed that this intervention protocol was found effective in reducing the symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress and PTSD symptoms of the participants. However, a longitudinal study is needed to confirm these findings

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Devkota, N., Gurung, L., Joshi, P., Maharjan, R., Gurung, B., & Karki, U. (2023). Impact of brief psychological intervention on reducing the psychological symptoms after COVID-19 infection among healthcare workers (HCWs) in Nepal. Journal of Psychiatrists’ Association of Nepal, 12(2), 12–20. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v12i2.63403

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Section

Original Articles