Navigating the intersection of Post-COVID olfactory dysfunction and mental Health: A biopsychosocial case study

Authors

  • Anvi Gupta Senior Resident (Psychiatry), Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital & Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Ananya Mahapatra Specialist (Psychiatry), Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital & Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Dinesh K. Tyagi Specialist & Head (Psychiatry), Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital & Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Pankaj Kumar Specialist (E.N.T), Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital & Medical College, New Delhi, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v12i2.63421

Keywords:

COVID-19, parsomia, depression

Abstract

Background: Olfactory Dysfunction (OD) post-SARS-CoV-2 infection can manifest in various forms, including qualitative impairments such as parosmia. We describe a 26-year-old woman's trajectory from anosmia following COVID-19 infection to parosmia, which evolved into severe depression. This young woman from North India began perceiving a "garbage-like" odor from food items several months after recovering from COVID-19. Her distress from this condition, exacerbated by her family's lack of understanding, led to significant dietary restrictions, weight loss, and subsequent development of an episode of severe depression linked to the distress from her persistent olfactory dysfunction. A combination of escitalopram, olanzapine, and carbamazepine was initiated alongside  psychoeducation sessions for the family. Over the following months, her depressive and olfactory symptoms showed significant improvement. This case illuminates the complex relationship between sensory dysfunction and mental health post-COVID-19, emphasizing the need for an integrated biopsychosocial treatment approach and the crucial role of familial understanding and support.

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Gupta, A., Mahapatra, A., Tyagi, D. K., & Kumar, P. (2023). Navigating the intersection of Post-COVID olfactory dysfunction and mental Health: A biopsychosocial case study. Journal of Psychiatrists’ Association of Nepal, 12(2), 46–49. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpan.v12i2.63421

Issue

Section

Case Report